Kamenoostrovsky Palace is a monument of Catherine II era, Royal Country Residence
In 1765, Catherine II gave Kamenny Island to her son Pavel Petrovich. The construction of the Kamenoostrovsky Palace began in the spring of 1776 on the project of the unknown author on the site of the wooden palace of A.P. Bestuzhev-Ryumin, the former owner of the island. The work was supervised by the architect Y.M. Felten. In 1777, the work was interrupted by flooding, after which Felten was replaced by J. Quarengi. Construction of the building was completed in 1780, and art decoration of the interior was carried out until 1782. But already on January 18, 1780 in the greenhouse of the palace there was a grand reception in honor of the Empress.
The palace is an outstanding monument of classicism and presents a stretched letter «P» in the plan with a central building and wings (J. Kwarengi) placed to it at a right angle. One of the facades of the palace, facing the main court and the palace garden, is decorated with a 6-column portico with a fronton of a Tuscan warrant. A staircase of Finnish granite leads to the front entrance. An 8-column portico, completed by attic, is located in the centre of the facade facing the Neva River. The central building of the palace contained the Avanhall, the Great Hall, the Gallery, the Salon de la Sea, the Painting Hall and the Cabinet. There were living quarters in one wing and a palace theatre in the other.
In 1797 the palace began to prepare for the stay of the deposed Polish king Stanisław-August Poniatowski. Architect V. Brenna was brought in to decorate the interior. The salon was converted into the Crimson Drawing Room, the Great Hall into the Mirror Room; frescoes with views of Rome appeared in the Avanhall, performed by V. Brenna himself along with F. Laben by Piranezi engravings.
Upon the accession of Alexander I in 1801, the palace became one of his favorite residences. In the initial period of the reign of Alexander Pavlovich the «Unspoken Committee» meets in the palace. Also on August 6, 1812, the Emperor entrusted the command of the Russian army to M. Kutuzov here. And here in 1825, he found out about the Decembrist conspiracy.
In 1808-1811, on the project of the architect L. Rusk, a third floor with the cabinet of Alexander I, decorated in 1824 on the project of V.P. Stasov, was added to the second floor of the residential wing. At the same time, on the project of Tom de Tomón, the gardener F. F. Limin redesigned the garden, transforming it from a landscape garden into a regular one.
In the 1820s, many of the palace’s rooms were redesigned by the decorator J. -B. Scotty. In 1824-1828, the architect S.F. Dildin reconstructed the theater wing.
After Alexander I the palace was owned by Grand Prince Mikhail Pavlovich and his wife Elena Pavlovna. In 1834-1836 they were visited by A.S. Pushkin. In 1852-1854 A. Rubinstein lived here. In 1845, the architect A.I. Stackenschneider added a closed terrace to the Neva facade of the palace, set up the Music Salon instead of the Crimson Drawing Room, and replaced the palace’s plumbing system.
In the palace there are two ceremonial halls of Pavlovian time with frescoes depicting the views of Rome by the engravings of Piranezi, the private rooms of the Grand Duchess, and two ceremonial living rooms of the mid-19th century.
- Address: St. Petersburg, nab. Maloy Nevki, 1 А
Monday - Sunday: Free
The palace is closed to the public