Revolutionary St. Petersburg

The most important revolutionary events happened here, in St. Petersburg. This route will guide you through the most memorable sights that hold the memories about the Great Revolution.

  • museums 3 ,
  • points of interest 1 ,
  • squares 1 ,
  • palaces 1
10 km, 128 m
The Central Naval Museum, Cruiser "Aurora"

The Central Naval Museum, Cruiser "Aurora"

St. Petersburg, Petrogradskaya embankment

The legandary protected cruiser "Aurora" was laid down in Saint-Petersburg in 1897. It took part in the Battle of Tsushima and in the battles of the World War I, but today it is most famous for the role it played in the October Revolution. At 9.45 p.m on 25 October 1917  a blank shot from the forecastle gun signaled the start of the assault on the Winter Palace, which was the beginning of the October Revolution. 

Museum of Political History of Russia

Museum of Political History of Russia

St. Petersburg, ul. Kuibysheva, 2-4

The State Museum of the Political History of Russia occupies two 19th century mansions, one of which had once belonged to Mathilda Kschessinskaya, prima ballerina of Marinsky Theatre. Her good relations with the royal family made her leave the country during the revolutionary days of February 1917. First the mansion was occupied by Petrograd armoured division and later by different revolutionary organizations. It had been decided in 1954 that Kschessinskaya Mansion would house the State Museum of Revolution, which was renamed to The State Museum of the Political History of Russia in 1991. 

901 m
Peter and Paul Fortress

Peter and Paul Fortress

St. Petersburg, Zayachy ostrov

From the very beginning Peter and Paul Fortress, the original citadel of St. Petersburg, had been used as a political prison. Hundreds of Russian revolutionaties had gone through it, including Vladimir Lenein's brother Alexander Ulyanov. During the October Revolution the garrison of the fortress took the Bolsheviks' side. After the storming of the Winter Palace and the arrest of the  Provisional Government, its ministers became the prison's new convicts. 

252 m
 Winter Palace

Winter Palace

St. Petersburg, Dvortsovaya pl., 2

Winter palace and  city's main square are usually associated with revolutionaty events of October 1917, but there is a date of no less importance, January 9, 1905, known as a "Bloody Sunday". On this day the unarmed demonstrators were fired upon by soldiers of the Imperial Guard as they marched towards the Winter Palace to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. This event triggered the Revolution of 1905-1907 and, consequently the February and the October Revolutions. 

The storming of Winter Palace was one of the key ivents of the October Revolution. The Bolsheviks  seized the residence of the Provisional Government on the night from October 25 to October 26, 1917, and, as a result, the Provisional Government was overthrown and its members were arrested. 

2 km, 477 m
The Field of Mars

The Field of Mars

St. Petersburg, Marsovo pole

In the middle of the Field of Mars the granite slabs of the monument "To The Fighters Of The Revolution"  and the eternal flame, commemorating those who had fallen in fights and battles of February and October revolutions and those of the Civil War  can be seen. On November 6, 1957 the country's first eternal flame,  transferred from the furnace of the "Kirov factory" was ignited on the Field of Mars. Particles of this fire were moved to Piskaroyvskoye memorial ensemble and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier near the Kremlin wall.

1 km, 205 m
Smolny Institute for Noble Girls

Smolny Institute for Noble Girls

St. Petersburg, Smolny St., 1

Up to 1917 the neoclassical edifice, designed by  Giacomo Quarenghi  belonged to Smolny Institute for Noble Ladies, Russia's first educational establishment for women. After  the  Institute had been shut down, the building turned into the headquarters of the Petrograd Soviet. On October 25, 1917 the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets took place in Smolny and the first Soviet Government led by Vladimir Lenin was formed. In 1920s a public garden was laid out  and a monument to Vladimir Lenin  was raised  in front of Smolny.

4 km, 308 m