Roman and Gothic style in St. Petersburg

This route acquaints with Roman and Gothic architecture in St. Petersburg

  • temples and cathedrals 5
23 km, 319 m
Nativity of St John the Baptist Church (Chesmenskaya)

Nativity of St John the Baptist Church (Chesmenskaya)

St. Petersburg, ul. Lensoveta, 12

It is a small Russian Orthodox church at 12 Lensoveta Street

It was built by the Russian court architect Yury Felten in 1780, at the direction of Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia. A memorial church, it was erected adjacent to the Chesme Palace (damaged during the Siege of Leningrad and restored in 1946) between Saint Petersburg and Tsarskoye Selo to commemorate the anniversary of Russia's 1770 victory over Turkish forces in Chesme Bay (Turkish: Çeşme) in theAegean Sea during the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774.

The church and Chesme Palace were the earliest Neo-Gothic constructions in the St Petersburg area. Considered by some to be St Petersburg's single most impressive church, it is a rare example of very early Gothic Revival influence in Russian church architecture.

The church, built in Gothic Revival style faces southwest. Painted pink and white, the church appears like a "candy cone, with long, vertical white stripes (embossed vertical string cornices drawn together with figured horizontal fascias) giving the impression that it’s rising straight up from the earth like a mirage and shooting upwards." The church was built by Yury Felten who was the court architect to Catherine the Great.

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The church of Our Lady of Lourdes

The church of Our Lady of Lourdes

St. Petersburg, Kovensky per., 7

Roman Catholic Church in St. Petersburg

Before the revolution in the capital lived 3 700 French Catholics, who prayed, as a rule, in the St. Catherine Church on Nevsky. At the French Embassy in 1860 appeared the idea of a separate temple for both, and at the same time architect N. Benois created a project for the building in the Gothic style. However, only in October, 1898, Ambassador count Montebello managed, through the Russo-French rapprochement, to achieve the Highest resolution on the construction of the Roman Catholic Church. First for him, took Manezhnaya square, but because of the protests of the Orthodox Church and the public in the summer of 1900 was bought for 67 thousands rubles a site away from the city center, in the Kovensky lane. Here, in the same year, the project of architect O. I. Thibault-Brignoles, member of the community, was built a small temporary parish Church made of wood.

At the request of Father Superior A. Kuni, academician L.N. Benoit composed in 1902 a project of a three-nave basilica in the Romanesque style with a separate high bell tower. According to this project, which was distinguished by its picturesque composition, the building was laid on June 23, 1903 in the presence of Ambassador Count Montebello. It was built on donations and lottery income. First of all, a crypt with a temporary overlap was built, which allowed to immediately begin the service. Now this is the lower hall of the church.

The French company Batignol donated a lot of Finnish granite left from the construction of the Trinity Bridge to the community, and the Black Sea plant - cement, which ultimately led to a change in the initial project. In 1908, L.N. Benois and his student M.M. Peretyatkovich drew up a new version, offering instead of the naves a hall covered with reinforced concrete vault and a facade lined with coarse-crushed granite, which gave the building a modern-style appearance. The amended draft required reapproval.  Legal difficulties arised and were overcome  trough intervention of the French embassy. Peretyatkovich himself supervised the construction, the main contractor was an experienced engineer S. N. Smirnov, the construction was performed by the partnership “Reinforced Concrete”. On a 30-meter bell tower hung a bell cast at the factory of K. Orlov. Bowls for holy water were made from sea shells.

The consecration of the church in the name of the French Mother of God (Notre Dame de France) was performed on November 22, 1909 by Bishop Jan Tseplyak in the presence of members of the diplomatic corps and government officials.

Inside the church was decorated with adjacent Gothic columns. The altarpiece “Jeanne d’Arc - Defender of France” was painted in 1916 by the famous artist and academician E. K. Lipgart (in 1957 the image was replaced by the painting “Handing the keys to Apostle Peter” by Zakharov).

Here were held last rites of representatives of the Benoit family and many Petersburgers of French descent. The community before the revolution totaled 1 500 parishioners.

The feast day is celebrated on February 11, earlier it was celebrated on August 15, the day of the Assumption.

The superior of 1907–1935 was the Dominican pater Jean Amoudru. Until August 1941, services were conducted by Father Clovis Florun, who was expelled from the USSR after breaking relations with France.

The church did not function in 1922–1923, but then did not close (because it was still assigned to the French embassy) and for a long time was the only active Catholic church in Leningrad. In these years, mainly Poles prayed in it.

During the blockade, services ceased and only in the autumn of 1945 resumed. Since that time, the temple has the name of Our Lady of Lourdes. In 1997, the interior was decorated with stained glass windows with biblical scenes made by I. Baykova.

11 km, 399 m
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The Lutheran Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul

The Lutheran Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul

St. Petersburg, Nevsky Prospect, 22-24

Today it is one of the oldest and largest Lutheran churches in Russia

The Cathedral was constructed in 1833—1838 by Alexander Brullov. The interior of the church was substantially rebuilt, but its appearance has remained virtually unchanged. In front of the church there are the statues of the Apostles Peter and Paul on high pedestals. Today it is one of the oldest and largest Lutheran churches in Russia. In 1938, after the nationalization, the church building was used as a warehouse for theatrical scenery, and as a swimming pool. In 1994 the church was returned to the believers.

Such famous people as K. Rossi, M. Mussorgsky, one of the most prominent Russian geologists G. Gelmersen, the geographer V. Yuncker, architects K. Ton, L. Benoit, M. Messmacher, A. Pel, the teacher P. Lesgaft, the founder of Pediatrics K. Rauhfus, historians G. Forster, A. Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky and many others studied in Peterschule (the school at the church).

3 km, 10 m
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St. Michael Lutheran Church

St. Michael Lutheran Church

St. Petersburg, Sredny prospect V.O., 18 B

The Evangelical Lutheran church is currently The parish of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ingria

The history of the Evangelical Lutheran parish of St. Michael dates back to 1732, when the Lutheran house church was founded at the First Cadet Corps on Vasilyevsky Island (in the former palace of Prince Menshikov). The church was intended primarily for cadets, officers, teachers and other corps employees - immigrants from Estonia, Livonia and other Russian citizens of foreign origin. The residents of the nearby neighborhoods were also allowed to attend the services.

On June 12, 1834, with the highest permission of Emperor Nicholas I, the church received the name of St. Michael the Archangel.

In February 1841, it was decided to demolish the building occupied by the church and to arrange the church in the premises of the Cadet Corps specifically for the cadets. Civilian parishioners were offered to join to other parishes.

More than 2 thousand people wanted to preserve the community and build a church in the house of architect L.Y. Tiblen on the 3rd line of Vasilievsky Island (No. 8), in a rented building, where the Church of St. Michael was consecrated on August 16, 1842. At the same time, fundraising was carried out to purchase a plot of land and build its own building.

October 23, 1874, the fundament of the stone building of the church with 720 seats in Gothic style was laid by the design of Colonel Karl Karlovich von Bulmerink, an engineer on Vasilievsky Island, on the corner of Sredny Prospekt and the 3rd Line.

On December 19, 1876 the church was consecrated by Bishop Julius von Richter. In 1886, R.B Bernhard, an academician of architecture drafted a new facade, but it had never been implemented. The church was beautifully decorated inside, had wonderful acoustics and one of the best organs in the city. There was an orphanage with an elementary school, a widow's shelter and a society for the care of the poor at the church.

In 1929, the building of the Church of St. Michael was transferred to the Russian Lutheran community of Jesus Christ, as a result of which the unification of the two parishes - German and Russian happened. On August 15, 1935 the church was closed, a sports base was located in the building, then - a warehouse of a tobacco factory, and after the war - a factory workshop. The interior of the church was completely rebuilt and distorted.

In 1992, the church was returned to the Russian Lutheran community, divine services were resumed. In 2004-2010 the restoration was carried out with elements of reconstruction of the interior of the church and the repair of the roof and facade.

The Lutheran parish of St. Michael is part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ingria in Russia.

Rector - Pastor Dmitry Petrov

3 km, 242 m
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Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist on Kamenny Island

Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist on Kamenny Island

St. Petersburg, Kamennoostrovsky pr., 83

​The former temple of the Order of Malta and the rarest example of the Orthodox Church in the Roman Gothic style

The church was built in 1776-1778 to cater for former sailors of the Baltic Fleet in the neighbouring hospice. The construction of a red brick church in Neo-Gothic style by architect Y. M. Felten was commissioned by prince Pavel Petrovich (future Emperor Pavel I). The church walls have high lancet windows, the belfry is crowned with a steeple. Inside the building features Gothic vaults.

Later the church was transferred to the Order of Malta when Emperor Paul I became its head. In 1799-1807, a cemetery of the Maltese cavaliers, who took the oath in the church, was arranged at the church. Empress Catherine the Great, Pavel I and Alexander I presented several precious icons and crosses to the church. Parishioners of the church included residents of Kamennoostrovsky Palace and neighbouring summer residences. Alexander Pushkin had christened his children, Alexander, Grigory and Natalya in this church.

After the accession of Alexander I to the imperial throne, the cemetery was closed, the burial places were moved. After the construction of the Kamennoostrovsky Palace, the church was transferred to him.

In Soviet times, the church was closed on March 15, 1938. All church property disappeared without a trace. While the church was closed, it housed various enterprises (sculptural studio for example). In the 1960s, the building was redesigned as a gym.

The church was returned to the parish in 1989, on November 14, 1990, divine services resumed. The stone Chapel of Our Lady was consecrated nearby in 2002.

5 km, 437 m
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