From "Ermak" to "Leader": conquerors of the Northern Seas | Routes (

From "Ermak" to "Leader": conquerors of the Northern Seas

The world's first Arctic icebreaker "Ermak", created owing to the efforts of Admiral S. O. Makarov, paved the historical path for the next, even more powerful icebreakers. Among them there is the famous "Krassin" icebreaker, which now stands forever at the pier next to the new ships being built at the shipyards.
We will see the legendary Admiralty shipyards, where unique vessels are created to work in the Arctic latitudes and touch the heroic pages of the history of the development of the North.

  • points of interest 2 ,
  • museums 2
Building of the Main Admiralty

Building of the Main Admiralty

Saint Petersburg, Admiralteysky proezd, 1

The first building on the left bank of the Neva River and it's one of the most important sight of St. Petersurg

Originally the Admiralty reflected Peter I only as shipyard, according to his project it was put on November 5, 1704. The modern building of the Admiralty consists of two P-shaped cases – internal and external. Length of the main facade of the Admiralty – 406 meters, lateral – 163 meters. Six multicolumn porticoes decorated the central facade of the building. In the center of a facade the many-tier tower with an entrance arch is located. The spike making 72 meters in height, is topped with a weather vane ship which became one of symbols of Leningrad. The building of the Admiralty is decorated by bas-reliefs, statues and stucco mouldings. It is constructed in 1727-1737, it is reconstructed in 1806-1823. Architects: I.K. Korobov, A.D. Zakharov

Firstly having been constructed as a shipyard, at present the Admiralty building is the Headquarters of the Russian Navy.Three central streets of St. Petersburg split off from the Admiralty Spire as three rays.: Nevsky prospekt, Gorokhovaya ulitsa and Voznesensky prospekt. On the top of the 72,5 meter spire one can see the symbol of St. Petersburg - a gilded weather vane in the form of a ship.

According to the legend, the silhouette of the weather vane repeats a contour of the first ship which came into the port of St. Petersburg soon after the foundation of the city.

Find the Admiralty spire from Gorokhovaya ulitsa, Voznesensky and Nesky prospekts. Just because of this interesting possibility - one can see the spire from these 3 streets -  in the 19th century the Admiralty was jestingly called  a "Pole Star" or "Nevsky trident".

The Icebreaker "Krasin" Museum

The Icebreaker "Krasin" Museum

St. Petersburg, Leitenanta Shmidta embankment, 23 line V.O.

Built in Great Britain in 1917, the icebreaker Krasin has had an eventful, but difficult career.

The Icebreaker "Krasin" is the only  museum-icebreaker in Russia. It was built in 1916-1917 after the drawings of Vice Admiral S.O.Makarov in Great Britain. Originally the icebreaker was named by ancient epic hero "Svjatogor".  

In 1927 after the death of the Soviet diplomat the icebreaker was renamed  "Krasin". The icebreaker "Krasin" participated in the rescue of the  Umberto Nobile expedition to the North Pole in 1928. During World War II 1941-1945 Krasin participated in many Russian convoys. Later it served as a floating power plant on the island of Spitsbergen. In 1990 "Krasin" made a last voyage to European ports. In 1992 it was included in the list of historical monuments of national importance and was moored on Lieutenant Schmidt  Embankment. The first exhibition was opened in 1995. In 2004 the icebreaker "Krasin" became a branch of the Museum of the World Ocean.

The Icebreaker "Krasin" is an active ship, and the equipment you see here can operate normally.