How the Arctic was conquered

From the cycle of Arctic tourist routes «Arctic Petersburg»

The unique route will tell about the glorious history of the conquest of the Arctic by sailors and scientists. The life of many famous explorers of the northern expanses was closely connected with Saint Petersburg. And, of course, the romance of northern travels, the story of the fate of the heroes of the Arctic, exciting adventures among the eternal ice - all this makes our excursion truly unforgettable.

  • museums 2
5 km, 477 m

Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute

Bering ulitsa, 38

The Research Institute carries out the whole cycle of work in polar latitudes: field research and data processing, compilation of maps and weather forecasts. The Institute monitors the natural environment at the Arctic stations: «Ice Base Baranov Mys», «Tiksi», scientific center «Spitsbergen».

In 2020, the institute celebrated its 100th anniversary. Several generations of polar explorers and scientists grew up here. More than 200 expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic have been carried out.


Monument to the Pioneers and Explorers of the Arctic

Bering ulitsa, 38

The monument was erected at the corner of Bering and Nalichnaya Streets on Vasilievsky Island of Saint Petersburg on the territory of the State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation «Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute». The day of the grand opening coincided with the date of the 280th anniversary of the founding of Vasilievsky Island. The monument is a two-meter-high bronze figure of a man in fur clothes, whose gaze is turned into the distance. The pedestal is made of white granite in the form of a block of ice. At the foot of the sculpture are two dogs, members of polar expeditions. The inscription «For those who walked first, those who are walking now, those who still have to pass» is carved in white granite. The creators of the monument are the author of the idea, a member of the Polar Explorers Club, Igor Butvina, chief sculptor Boris Sergeev, artist Vasily Suzov and sculptor Olga Pankratova.

101 m

Smolensk Cemetery, Vilkitsky family burial

Kamskaya ulitsa, 26A

Outstanding Russian hydrographers, researchers of the Northern Sea Route.

8 places in the Arctic were named after the Vilkitskys. These include a strait, a bay, two headlands, a glacier and four islands.

Andrey Ippolitovich Vilkitsky (1 (13) .07.1858, Borisovskiy district of Minskaya province. - 26.02 (11.03) .1913, St. Petersburg) - Russian hydrographer, geodesist, explorer of the seas of the Arctic Ocean, general of the corps of hydrographs, head of the Main Hydrographic Directorate.

Boris Andreevich Vilkitsky (March 22 [April 3] 1885, Pulkovo - March 6, 1961, Brussels) - Russian naval officer, hydrographer, surveyor, Arctic explorer, discoverer of Severnaya Zemlya.

552 m
Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping

Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping

St. Petersburg, Dvinskaya ul., 5/7

State University of Maritime and River Fleet named after Admiral S.O. Makarov

Kosaya liniya, house 15, lit. A

The date of foundation of the educational institution is December 2, 1809. On this day, by the manifesto of Emperor Alexander I, the Department of Water Communications and the Expedition of Road Construction in the State were transformed into the Institute of the Corps of Railway Engineers. Over the two-century history, the university has changed its names several times. In 2012, as a result of reorganization, it received the name of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “State University of Maritime and River Fleet named after Admiral S.O. Makarov ". The University has combined the scientific and educational potential and traditions of the St. Petersburg State University of Water Communications - the oldest university for training personnel for water transport - and the State Maritime Academy, leading its history since 1876 from the Nautical classes of the St. Petersburg Yacht Club and named since 1949 after name of Vice Admiral S.O. Makarov.

2 km, 217 m

Saint Petersburg Mining University (Gorny University)

Saint Petersburg, naberezhnaya Leitenanta Shmidta, 49

The Mining University was the first higher technical educational institution in Russia, founded by the decree of Empress Catherine II in 1773 for the training of engineering personnel in the mining industry.

The University trains personnel for specialties in demand in the Arctic in the field of geology and geophysics, well drilling, oil and gas production, chemical technology and environmental protection.

Fundamental and applied research related to the development of the Arctic region is also being carried out in the University.

The collection of the Museum of the Mining University contains unique minerals, ores, rocks, paleontological rarities, collections of models, models on the history of mining and mining equipment, edged weapons, stone-cutting and jewelry art. The museum funds amount to 240 thousand exhibits, many of which have no analogues.

1 km, 249 m

Monument to Norwegian Polar Explorer R. Amundsen

Saint Petersburg, naberezhnaya Leitenanta Shmidta, 23 Liniya Vasilievskogo Ostrova

The monument to the outstanding Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen was open in Saint Petersburg on June 18, 2018. The bust of the famous Norwegian, who had been the first to reach the South Pole, was donated to the Soviet Union by the Norwegian government back in 1972. It stood in the garden of the Fontanny Dom (Sheremetyev Palace) when the Institute for the Arctic and Antarctic was located there. After the institute moved to a new building, the bust was kept in the warehouse of the Museum of Urban Sculpture.

The re-opening of the monument to Roald Amundsen is timed to coincide with the 90th anniversary of the death of the polar explorer and the 90th anniversary of the rescue by the icebreaker Krasin of the Arctic expedition of Umberto Nobile, whose airship crashed off the coast of Spitsbergen. The monument was erected on the Lieutenant Schmidt embankment in front of the Krasin icebreaker. Amundsen was the first to conquer the South Pole and the first to reach the North Pole, participating in an air expedition. The sea, mountain, glacier, bay, basin, polar station and asteroid are named after this outstanding explorer.

62 m
The Icebreaker "Krasin" Museum

The Icebreaker "Krasin" Museum

St. Petersburg, Leitenanta Shmidta embankment, 23 line V.O.

Icebreaker "Krasin"

naberezhnaya Leitenanta Shmidta, 23 liniya

The branch of the Museum of the World Ocean in Saint Petersburg – «Icebreaker Krasin» - the flagship of the icebreaker fleet of Russia was built in 1916-1917 by order of the Government of the Russian Empire; in the period from 1917 to 1921 it was located in England, and in 1921 was bought by the Government of Soviet Russia. For a long time the icebreaker was working in the Gulf of Finland. It took part in rescue expeditions in the Arctic. In the summer of 1928, it saved the aeronauts of the airship «Italy». Since 1928, it actively participated in the creation of the Northern Sea Route, where scientists as members of a large crew worked on board. The youth crew, formed on the Krasin under the leadership of 30-year-old captain M. Belousov in the 1930s, became the beginning of a school of future polar captains, mechanics, radio operators, and scientists for the growing icebreaker fleet of Russia. In 1934, the icebreaker crossed the Atlantic, the Panama Canal and the Pacific Ocean to rescue the crew members of the steamship Chelyuskin. Before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, it was working in the eastern sector of the Arctic. In October 1941, it left for the second expedition across the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic. It accompanied the polar convoy PQ-15, participated in sea battles, and conducted caravans of ships to the East along the Northern Sea Route. At the expense of the repatriation funds of 1956-1958, the icebreaker underwent a complete modernization in the German Democratic Republic, and worked on the Northern Sea Route until 1972.The development of the Arctic and the Arctic sea shelf set new tasks for the icebreaker's crew. In 1972, the Krasin received the status of a research vessel. The first Arctic oil and gas exploration expedition was on board of the research vessel «Leonid Krasin» in 1974-1976. At present, the Krasin Icebreaker Museum continues to serve the cause of preserving the Arctic marine memory and glory of Russia.