The Proletarian Dictatorship square is located at the intersection of Tverskaya and Lafonskaya streets, the alley of Smolny and Suvorovsky Prospekt
Initially, the area was called Orlovskaya. This name was given to it in the middle of the XIX century by the name of the nearby Orlovskaya street. On July 30, 1854 it was renamed Lafonskaya Square in honor of S.I. de La Font, the first head of the Smolny Institute for Noble Maidens, founded in 1764 by Catherine II. The building of the institute, which we can see today, and which to a great extent forms the modern look of the square, was erected in 1806 according to the project of Giacomo Quarenghi. The institute was intended for the training and education of girls from noble families. It existed until 1917, and in October of the same year, Smolny became the headquarters of the revolutionary forces of Petrograd.
At the II All-Russian Congress of Soviets, held in Smolny, the Soviet government created the world's first state of the proletarian dictatorship, headed by V. I. Lenin.
In October 1918, the square was renamed the Square of Dictatorship, and it received the name “Square of the Proletarian Dictatorship” in 1952.
A monument to V.I. Lenin was constructed at the main entrance to Smolny in 1927.
In the 1930s a vacant lot in front of Smolny was turned into a garden, laid out according to a regular plan, with flower beds and fountains. On the sides of the main alley bronze busts of K. Marx and F. Engels were installed in 1932, and at the beginning of the main alley in 1923-1924 Smolny propylaea, designed by V. A. Schuko and V. G. Gelfreich, were built. Bronze plaques with the images of the awards of the hero city of Leningrad and Leningrad region were placed in the loggias of the propylaea.
Since 1991, the Government and Administration of St. Petersburg have been working in the Smolny Palace.
The remaining buildings, forming the appearance of the square, were built mainly in the 1950s and 70s. Today they house government offices and private companies.
- Address: St. Petersburg, Ploshad Proletarskoi Diktatury