The Cathedral of St. John the Apostle and Evangelist historically belonged to the St. Petersburg Theological Seminary.
Since 1721 theological schools were housed in the buildings of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. According to the will of the Emperor Nicholas I the Seminary found a new separate building in the 1838-1841. The building in the classical style with the home church was designed by the architect A. F. Shchedrin. On 26 September 1841 the cathedral was consecrated by Eminent Filaret.
In 1884 the building was reconstructed. In 1886-1887 it was overbuilt by architect N. N. Markov. There was the cathedral on the highest floor. It was consecrated on 18 December 1888.
Since 1900 the Brotherhood of St. John the Evangelist in the seminary helped poor students. In 1918 the church was closed along with the theological seminary.
On 8 October 1946 the cathedral was consecrated in the same building. It received the icon of «Our Lady of the Sign».
In 2005 painting, stucco and stained glass windows were completely lost during the overhaul. On 25 September 2006 His Holiness Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexiy II consecrated the academic cathedral, and on 4 October 2008 Archbishop of Tikhvin Konstantin consecrated the altar and the cathedral.
In 2009 with the blessing of Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill reconstruction of the decoration of the cathedral began. The project was designed by A. A. Burlakov, K. V. Yakovlev.
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