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This architectural masterpiece was named after the daughter of Nicholas I, Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna

The construction of the palace was completed in 1844, and the palace was open for public visits for one day, which became a bright and unusual event of its time.

After the death of Maria Nikolaevna in 1876, her sons inherited the building. The heirs were forced to sell the palace to settle debts, and as late as in 1884, Alexander III signed a decree by which the Mariinsky Palace was declared as the State Council’s residence.

In February 1917, the palace was occupied by the Provisional Government, then by the Pre-Parliament (an advisory body created by the Mensheviks). The Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg has been operating in the Mariinsky Palace since December 14, 1994.

According to an urban legend, Maria Nikolaevna refused to live in the especially built for her palace, as she was unhappy with the location of the monument to Nicholas I in the centre of St. Isaac's Square. The monument was erected with its back to the main entrance of the Mariinsky Palace, and Maria Nikolaevna supposedly saw this as a sign that Father turned his back on her.

Grand Ducal Petersburg

This route will guide you through the most significant palaces of Saint Petersburg which were owned by members of royal family

3 h
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