The Red Route. February 1917

Along the streets of revolutionary Petrograd in 23 February - 3 March of 1917. Based on the contemporaries' memoirs

In February 1917 hundreds of thousands of people crowded the streets of Petrograd. They were demanding abolition of monarchy and completion of war known as World War I. The starting point of these developments is considered to have happened at Putilovsky plant strikes on 16 February and the bread riots on 23 February. The revolt began from Vyborgskaya storona and Petrogradskaya storona, which are the parts of the city across the Neva river to the North from the centre. The revolt transformed into street demonstrations of workers around the city and clashes with troops that later on joined the rebellion. The sound of shooting was everywhere, in the air and at people, the crowd smashed showcases, the demonstrations filled the streets. In a week, on 2 March, the Emperor Nicolas II abdicated the throne for himself and for Tsarevich Alexey in favor of Grand Duke Mikhail Aleksandrovich, who postponed the question of the leadership of the State in his turn until the meeting with Constitutional Assembly.

These people talk about these events in their memoirs:

Globachev K.I., ex-chief of the Petrograd police;

Milyukov P. N., leader of the Constitutional democratic party, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Provisional Government in 1917;

Nabokov V. D., one of the leaders of the Constitutional Democratic party;

Olitskaya E. L., leader of the Socialist Revolutionary party of the post-revolutionary period;

Zhevakhov N. D., acting Chief Procurator of the Holy Synod in February, 1917;

Paleolog J. M., the Ambassador of France in Russia;

Gippius Z. N., poet and playwright;

Blok A. A., poet and publicist;

Zoshchenko M. M., writer;

Prokofiev S. S., composer;

Raskolnikov F. F., student of the separate Midshipman classes;

Voitinsky V. S., revolutionary;

Unknown schoolboy in his diary;

Great days of the Russian Revolution, published by printing house Bureau of the Russian Press in Petrograd in 1917.

  • squares 4 ,
  • streets 3 ,
  • palaces 1 ,
  • points of interest 2 ,
  • parks 1 ,
  • monuments 2 ,
  • bridges 2
12 km, 527 m
Vosstaniya square

Vosstaniya square

St. Petersburg, Vosstaniya square

Ploshchad Vosstaniya (Square of Uprisal) got its name due to the events in February 1917, and at that time it was called Znamenskaya ploshchad.

February, 24
Incidentally, the crowd broke forth to Znamenskaya Ploshchad at three o’clock. Almost 50 Cossacks were riding ahead of them in a loose formation. Fifteen cavalry policemen were driven out by the screeching, whistles, logs, stones and shards of ice. It was the beginning of public gathering near the monument to Alexander III. Among the cries “Long live the Republic”, “Down with the police!” there was the shout “Hurrah” addressed to Cossacks, who responded with regards to the people.

Blok A. A., The Last Days of the Imperial Power

February, 24
A school student on his 5th year tells that there was a man who climbed on the statue of Alexander III on Znamenskaya Ploshchad; the man said, we are humble folks, we don’t need much – only “the war to end and the bread to eat”.

A diary of an unknown schoolboy about the events in Petrograd (23 February – 1 March 1917)// The Russian Achieve

February, 25

Sheihel even saw such a scene near the Nikolayevsky* railway station on Saturday at 5 o’clock. A policeman killed a speaking student with a saber. A passing-by Cossack, who accidentally witnessed it, came through the crowd to the policeman and slaughtered him. After that he yelled to the crowd: “If you don’t say a word against me, then none of mine will say too” and rode to join his squad.

Paleolog J. M., Imperial Russia in the Great War

*Moskovsky railway station

February. 26

There was a demonstration with red flags on the Znamenskaya ploshchad, which was stopped by the squad of the Life Guards of the Volynsky Regiment. They dispersed protesters by salvos (11 people were killed)

Globachev K.I., The Truth about Russian Revolution: the Memories of the Ex-chief of the Petrograd Police

1
Vilensky pereulok

Vilensky pereulok

Saint Petersburg, Vilensky pereulok

The barracks of Volynsky regiment overlooked Vilensky pereulok and Paradnaya ulitsa, it was the first regiment that went over to the rebels. The soldiers of Volynsky regiment were recalled from the front to the capital in December 1916 on the occasion of the holiday – the day of the regiment foundation.

February, 27
The revolt began for the following reason: the training squad of the Life Guards of the Volynsky Regiment got into the line on the court of its barracks early in the morning. The day before they had suppressed riots on Znamenskaya ploshchad*. The regiment was being prepared for a new challenge to suppress riots. At this time the non-commissioned officer Kirpichnikov killed with rifle the chief of the training squad who was the headquarter's captain Mashkevich.

None of attending officers took command and none punished the killer. On the contrary - the officers almost all of whom were lieutenants scattered and the squad obeyed to Kirpichnikov declaring the revolutionary slogans. The rebels headed to the barracks of the Preobrazhensky Regiment and forced them to join. After that they attached the Litovsky Regiment and the Sapyorny Regiment. And as soon as these regiments revolted and went over the workers side, all their arms fell quickly into the hands of the workers. The first thing the armed workers did was they crushed places of detention to swell their ranks with criminal and political offenders and plundered the arsenal.

Globachev K.I., The Truth about Russian Revolution: the Memories of the Ex-chief of the Petrograd Police

*Ploshchad Vosstaniya 

1 km, 272 m
2
Potyomkinskaya ulitsa

Potyomkinskaya ulitsa

Saint Petersburg, Potyomkinskaya ulitsa

Potyomkinskaya, Shpalernaya and Tchaikovskogo ulitsa – all the city sector was crowded those days, people were going towards the Tavrichesky Palace, the State Duma counseling place.

February, 27
They are going down Sergiyevskaya*ulitsa by our windows – the armed workers, soldiers, people. All cars are stopped; soldiers are dropping driving people off, shooting in the air, getting into cars and going away. There are many cars with red flags turning to the Duma.

Gippius Z. N., Diaries

*ulitsa Chaykovskogo.

March, 2
We met a rather big crowd of policemen being convoyed apparently from the manege of the Imperial Guards Regiment, where they had been confined in the beginning of the revolt. While we were walking, I felt an unimaginable inspiration in these 40-50 minutes (that I have never felt again anymore). I thought that something great and sacred really happened and the people was out of chains and the despotism went down. I didn’t know that it had happened only because of military revolt. It had erupted spontaneously along of the conditions of three years of War and inside of this there was the seed of the future anarchy and death.  Maybe those thoughts came to me, but in that case I drove them away.

Nabokov V.D., The Country Is Dying Today

1 km, 85 m
3
Tavrichesky Palace

Tavrichesky Palace

St. Petersburg, Shpalernaya ul., 47

In 1917, the meetings of the State Duma ware held here, in Tavrichesky Palace. It was the point where the rebels directly went to, and this is the place where the Provisional Government was formed.

February 27

In the afternoon a large crowd pressing on the railing has already flocked behind the palace’s gates. The public, workers and soldiers were here. We had to open the gates and the crowd flooded the palace. In the evening we have already felt that we weren’t alone in the palace and in general we weren’t the palace’s owners anymore. That another contender for power, the Soviet of Workers’ Deputies, has already gathered at the other part of the palace. It was quickly convened by party organization that until then kept itself from heading the revolution.

Milyukov P. N., Memories

February 27

We consider as the last and only measure by your Imperial Majesty to drastically change the direction of the domestic policy and pursue the continually expressed wishes of the people’s government, the social classes and the non-governmental organizations, to immediately convoke the legislative chambers, to dismiss the current Council of Ministers and to engage a reputable official to make a list of new cabinet for you, our sovereign, to approve it, so that the cabinet would be capable of running the country with an entire understanding with the people’s government. Every hour is valuable. Further delays and hesitations will cause innumerable troubles.
The State Duma’s Members’ Telegram to Nicholas II on the night of February 28, quote from Great Days of the Russian Revolution

February 28  

There were the endless protests inside, in the Catherine Hall. The speaker's tribunes were long and wide choir balconies facing the two sides - the Catherine Hall and the meeting room. The soldiers’ audience, that was in the majority, met each speaker with the unanimous cries: “Who says? What kind of party? What's the name? The name of the speaker?” It was clear that the masses treated the happening events in full consciously and did not want to listen blindly to speeches.

Raskolnikov F. F., Kronstadt and St. Petersburg in 1917

The night of March 3 was very anxious pending the tsar’s abdication in St. Petersburg. At about 3 a.m. we were in Tavrichesky Palace and we received the first news that the tsaar abdicated in favor of Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich.

Milyukov P. N., Memories

633 m
4
Big house on Liteyny prospect

Big house on Liteyny prospect

St. Petersburg, Liteyny pr. 4-6

In the area of 4, Liteyny prospekt, there “the Big House” is located today (a building of Federal Security Service office), in 1917 the District court was located. The documents on the revolutionaries, and double agents of the secret police were stored in its archives.

February, 27

Firstly, the rebels, beheaded by the liberated criminals, destroyed the governmental institutions, where personnel files and information about criminals could be kept. And thus were destroyed the district court, the police stations and the spying police.

Globachev K.I., The Truth about Russian Revolution: the Memories of the Ex-chief of the Petrograd Police

February, 27

An unimaginable mess is at the corner of Liteyny. Soldiers mixed with the people are building the barricade. The flame is pulling out from the building of the District Court. The Arsenal’s doors are falling out with the crackle. Suddenly the cracking of the machine gun cuts the air. The regular army has just held their positions on the side of Nevsky prospect. The rebels are giving them the answer.

Paleolog J. M., Imperial Russia in the Great War

March, 1

This avalanche of forces is flowing with red spots on all surrounding streets. […] There are so many familiar nice old and young faces in the crowd. But all these faces, and unknown faces, are nice, happy and believing… […] Today the morning’s grace is a drunkenness with revolution’s truth. It is being in love with taken (not given!) freedom. It is seen in the regiments moving with music and in the clear faces of the people on the street.

Gippius Z. N., Diaries

1 km, 628 m
5
 Liteyny Bridge

Liteyny Bridge

St. Petersburg, Liteyny most

The district of Liteyny bridge is a crossing point for many people moving from Vyborgskaya storona to the city center from the first days of the rebels, across the bridge they were going to the "Kresty" prison located on the Arsenalnaya naberezhnaya, upstream of the Neva river from the Finlyandsky Railway Station.

February, 23

There are disorders today. Certainly nobody knows exactly. The general version is that it began because of bread in Vyborgskaya.

Gippius Z. N., Diaries

It needs to be said that the queues to buy bread have been in the bakeries of Petrograd for some time. The stockpiles of flour were sufficient in Petrograd. In addition, a sufficient amount of the coaches with flour had been delivered in the city on a daily basis. Thus the rumors about the imminent starvation was the provocation to cause anxiety, instability and major unrests.

Globachev K.I., The Truth about Russian Revolution: the Memories of the Ex-chief of the Petrograd Police

February, 27

At eight-thirty I heard a strange long rumble, which was supposedly from the Alexander’s Bridge*. I looked out: the bridge, that had usually been flooded by people, was empty. Almost immediately a big crowd with red flags appeared on that end of the bridge on the right side of Neva River. Meanwhile, a whole regiment of soldiers rushed towards them from the other side. I thought that the collision would happen. But actually two crowds became one. The soldiers were fraternizing with the workers.

Paleolog J. M., Imperial Russia in the Great War

* Liteyny bridge

February, 27

In daylight the strong squad of soldiers and the armed people took the “Kresty”, the Vyborgskaya prison of solitary confinement, after short fight with the prison guard. All political prisoners, including the working group of the central military-industrial committee and Khrustalyov-Nosar, were released.

Great Days of the Russian Revolution, printing house "Bureau of the Russian Press"

192 m
6
Trinity Bridge

Trinity Bridge

St. Petersburg, Troitsky most

Troitsky bridge linked the city centre and Petrogradskaya storona, the part of the city across Neva to the North from the very centre of the city, a region where workers uprising also took place. You can see Peter and Paul’s Fortress from the bridge. There, in Trubetskoy bastion the  political prisoners used to be kept, and after the February revolution the Ministers of the Empire government were delivered there.

February, 27

The Peter and Paul’s Fortress also fell into the hands of the rioters, it was turned into the main base of the revolutionary army. All political prisoners were released from the casemates and were set free.

Great Days of the Russian Revolution, printing house "Bureau of the Russian Press"

February, 26-28

Drifting along the crowd from one side to another we were trying to get to another bridge [Troitsky Bridge]. It was cordoned as well. Along Kronverksky prospekt a crowd of demonstrators was moving towards us. The red flag was flowing over them. The squad of Cossacks suddenly appeared from the alley next to us. Trotting, wearing black papakhas on their heads and flying burkas on, they ran towards the crowd with black whips raised [..] But when we understood, that the Cossacks didn’t move down their whips and refused to clear away the people, those people were overjoyed. Some of them cried, others kissed their neighbors.

Olitskaya E. L., Memories

The former ministers either came to the Duma by themselves (as Protopopov, for example) or were brought arrested […] Students with swords brought Scheglovity, and it was seemed that Rodzyanko wanted to release him…. Kerensky, who was called by the students, declared him as arrested “before the temporary committee of The Duma is created” and ordered to take him for night in Ministerial Pavilion of the Duma. From there all arrested ministers and others were transferred to the Peter and Paul fortress on the next day.

Milyukov P. N., Memories

1 km, 481 m
7
Marsovo pole (The Field of Mars)

Marsovo pole (The Field of Mars)

Saint Petersburg, Marsovo pole

The citizens kept crossing Marsovo pole (The Field of Mars) during the February unrest, and in March 1917 it became the burial place for those who were killed during the uprising.

February, 27

I came upon Marsovo Pole by Millionnaya ulitsa. And all immediately it got worse. I heard distinctly the exchange of fire from the direction of Liteyny and saw a wide pillar of black smoke rising in the sky from that side behind Letny Sad.

Prokofiev S. S., Diary 1907-1918

March, 23

The workers and soldiers of Petrograd were burying their comrades who had fallen during February Revolution […] I must stress it was a clear day of the unity of democracy, which is a bright page in my memories about 1917, unlike the rest of them.  Innumerable crowds with red flags moved from the outskirts of the city to the centre and Marsovo Pole from morning till night. They marched in formation like waves of the sea. I remember climbing on the stairs of the monument to Alexander III at Znamenskaya ploshchad*. The columns of demonstrators looked endless from that place. Factorial banners with portraits of Marx, Engels, Lassalle and a picture of a worker and a soldier hugging each other were decorated with slogans compelling to unity of working men of all countries, which were embroidered with gold.  The regiments marched after workers, and after them again workers, men and women, old and young, youth… at times from the crowd the singing was coming. It was the chorus of workers. Hundred of voices were seeing out the coffins of the fallen of Revolution covered with flowers and grass drifting over the heads of the demonstrators by harmonious sounds of worker’s hymn. The order was amazing. The most irreconcilable enemies of Soviets had to admit it.

Voytinsky V.S., “1917 – the Year of Victories and Fallings”

431 m
8
Konushennaya square

Konushennaya square

St. Petersburg, Konushennaya pl.

In 1917, the 4th troop of Pavlovsky regiment was stationed in the building of the livery yard (Konushennaya ploshchad, 1A). The rebels appeared earlier among the soldiers of Pavlovsky regiment then in other regiments, but their performance was put down. And here, in Konushennaya ploshchad area, there were clashes with rebellions and police.

The first signs of the rebellion appeared on 25th of February. The soldiers of the Life Guards of the Pavlovsky regiment refused to carry out the order of their captain and mortally wounded him. The instigators were arrested and tried under court-martial procedure.

Globachev K.I., The Truth about Russian Revolution: the Memories of the Ex-chief of the Petrograd Police

February, 27

They were absolutely astounded by how the mounted gendarmes attacked the united workers and soldiers! After passing Konyushenny pereulok overlooking to Yekaterininsky canal* they had to stop. They suddenly noticed that the people passing by were hiding from something. It turned out that they were hiding from the shots reaching from Nevsky prospekt. And through the canal they could see that gendarmes as “enemies” flew to Tsaritsin Lug** and a squad of workers met them with shooting. They saw that gendarmes rushed back and some fell off their horses.

Paleolog J. M., Imperial Russia in the Great War

*Canal Griboyedova

** Marsovo Pole

502 m
9
 House of merchants Petrovs (Millionnaya, 12)

House of merchants Petrovs (Millionnaya, 12)

Saint Petersburg, Millionnaya, 12

On 2 March 1917, the Emperor Nicolas II abdicated the throne for himself and for Tsarevich Alexey in favor of his younger brother Mikhail. Mikhail Aleksandrovich was at Prince Putyatin's apartment, whose family was in close friendship with him. On 3 March, 1917 in this apartment after the members of the Provisional Government and the Duma Committee came, Grand Duke refused to take control of the Empire until the convening of the Constituent Assembly.

March, 3

The meeting with the Grande Prince took place in the apartment of the prince Putyatin at Millionnaya ulitsa. The members of the government, Rodzyanko and some members of the temporary committee got together there. Rodzyanko was the chairman of this meeting. In his opening speech he explained the necessity of the abdication of the throne. Kerensky spoke after him in a similar way. It was my turn after him. I proved that we needed the great power for this new order, and this power can only be based on a symbol of power that people know well. That symbol was the monarchy. […] The Grande Prince was silent during our speaking. After that he asked several minutes for thinking.  As he went out, he asked Rodzyanko to speak to him alone. We had to predict the outcome of this private talking. As the Grande Prince returned to the delegation, he said that he accepted the offer of Rodzyanko.

Milyukov P. N., Memories

The Grange Prince listened to everyone and asked for thinking alone (I suppose that he advised with his secretary Matveyev, he trusted him a lot, but Matveyev was the adherent of the abdication). After a time he returned in the meeting room and said that he didn’t suppose that his becoming the emperor would be blessing for Homeland, that it would become the source of disunion, not union. He also said that he didn’t want to be the reason of possible bloodshed and so he abdicated and gave the authority to decide to the Constituent Assembly.

Nabokov V.D., The Country Is Dying Today 

390 m
10
Palace square

Palace square

St. petersburg, Dvortsovaya pl.

In the days of the February Revolution, the Emperor was away from Petrograd and out of Winter Palace. The rallies flooded Palace Square.

27 February

I went along Morskaya* towards Nevsky prospekt. There were not so many people on the streets, but still the officials went from their service, ladies and even children were outside. And I wondered why not to keep on walking further, if everything is quiet, if there is neither crowd nor shooting. [...] I heard absolute silence when I reached Nevsky prospekt.  There was no driving, people were walking little by little, there were groups of apparently curious people, not workers. I went to the restaurant of Pertz, ate a few pieces of eel and after that continued walking along Nevsky prospekt towards the Admiralty. The Cossacks were riding here, some were walking on foot in groups, but everything was still quiet. When I came to the Palace Square I found there a somewhat different picture;  a long row of soldiers with guns stood in front of the palace, and the square was crowded. Someone was saying something. […]

I went to Millionnaya ulitsa, but as soon as I approached it, the shots cracked, one after another in the same time. The crowd rushed out of the square to Millionnaya ulitsa. I wasn't scared very much, but I ran too. I noticed the first gate in Millionnaya in case of fire. I jumped in. And the guard locked it. I watched the crowd running along Millionnaya through the bars of the gate. Some fell down, but not from the bullets, but from fright, rose immediately and ran on. Soon it stopped. Shots weren't heard. Some people turned back and carefully walked to the square. I asked the guard to let me out and also came back to the Palace Square. No one was killed. They say, those who shot were policemen, and they shot from the archway, which goes from Morskaya*, the charges were blanks.

Prokofiev S.S., Dairy 1907-1918

* Bolshaya Morskaya ulitsa

The first days of March. I go home from the railway station by carriage. I pass by Winter Palace and I see the red flag. It means a new life. A New Russia. And me, also new, not the way I was. Let everything be behind — my grief, my nerves, my spleen, my sick heart.

Zoshchenko M. M., Before Sunrise

818 m
11
Building of the Main Admiralty

Building of the Main Admiralty

The last military unions that preserved their loyalty to the Emperor stayed in the Admiralty.

27 February

The commander of the St. George's battalion, General Pozharsky, having gathered his officers on 27 February, announced them that he wouldn't give his order to fire on people in Petersburg.  […] Generals Khabalov, Zankevich and Belyaev (who left Grand Duke Michael after 2a.m.) and a handful of loyal officers and soldiers moved from the Winter Palace, to the building of the Admiralty, took the façades facing Nevsky prospect, put the artillery in the yard, left the infantry on the second floor, and at angles suitable for firing, set up the machine guns.  They didn't have enough shells, ammunition was not at all, and there was nothing to eat; with great difficulty got a little bread for the soldiers.

Blok A. A., “The last days of the Imperial power”

28 February

On the streets and squares, covered with snow and bathed in sunshine, everything seems festive and beautiful. Isn't it near-death beauty of St. Petersburg, is it? There's quite a lot of hanging around people everywhere, they are not angry, but rather ordinary passers-by, and even groups (of twenty-thirty people) talking among each other [...] Once we saw a soldier stood up in front of the General, though this he wasn't supposed to. [...] We also never met any sorry for the overthrown government, except for two savage officers of the palace police who dared to go out in their uniform full of orders. They seemed to feel some willingness "to die for the Father-Tsar". Standing on the corner near the Admiralty, they stared at people passing by as if they tried to call any expression of feelings, disgusted to them. I noticed one of them holding a copper wire.

Paleolog J. M., Imperial Russia in the Great War

152 m
12
St.Isaac's Square

St.Isaac's Square

St. Petersburg, Isaakiyevskaya Square

St. Isaac Square was frequently the place of popular demonstrations. In February 1917 here and in the surrounding streets gunfire was heard.

Passing by Saint Isaac's Cathedral I clearly heard a shooting machine gun as if it was from the dome of the cathedral. Few days later I recalled details in my memory and clearly realized the reason of the shooting machine gun. A month before the revolution 300 machine guns, ready and packed in boxes for transportation to the front, disappeared from the Putilov factory.  The most thorough search undertaken by the Security Department failed. It's absolutely clear that when the city was left without police services from February 24th, the guns could be placed anywhere with impunity.

Globachev K.I., The Truth about Russian Revolution: the Memories of the Ex-chief of the Petrograd Police

We got to Astoria (at the corner of St. Isaac's Square). The hotel on its ground floor is boarded up, but very carelessly and the soldiers got into and out, slightly moving two wood boards. Sometimes it was possible to see the interior of the restaurant, the soldiers were wandering around looking for something to profit. I didn't notice any security here (and in general, the police which is a lot of talk was rather a myth!). It smells like wine and scattered mass of broken bottles at a distance from Astoria. The furniture piled up in heaps, but the chandeliers are still hanging, as if not spoiled. The façades are covered with bullets, and it is also curious that the glass in the windows aren't broken and just very neatly cut round holes.

Paleolog J. M., Imperial Russia in the Great War

508 m
13
Nevsky Prospect

Nevsky Prospect

St. Petersburg, Nevsky Prospect

There were columns of protesters along the main street of Petrograd in 1917, there were also clashes of rebellious and police.

24 February

Cossacks took the side of people by soul, and moreover warned the crowd: "Move — we'll shoot", but they didn't. And then they let the crowd go. I saw myself the crowd waving with their hats and handkerchiefs to the Cossacks riding along Nevsky prospekt.

Diary of a schoolboy about the events in Petrograd (23 Feb — 1 Mar 1917) // Russian Archive

25 February

Kartashev insisted that it was "ballet," all of that: the students, and the red flags, and the military trucks, moving slowly along the Nevsky beyond the crowd in a strange manner consorting these red flags. If the ballet... what a bitter, sinister ballet!

Gippius Z. N., Diaries

25 February

But when we went to Nevsky, the first thing that my eye caught was: countless crowds of people gathered near the Kazan Cathedral. When Midshipman V. and I passed Bolshaya Konyushennaya we wanted to walk down Nevsky, horse and foot policemen rudely stood in our way and forced to roll in one of the side streets. Further, many-headed crowd stretched from the columns of the Kazan Cathedral to the house of the Singer for the whole width of Nevsky prospekt. It seethed, grumbled, protested, and from its depths there was a separate, angrily indignant exclamations. Against the crowd stood the police as a solid wall not to allow it to the Admiralty. Equestrian gendarmes holding naked swords sometimes crashed into the crowd in a running start, causing protesters of the demonstrators. Walking down Bolshaya Konyushennaya ulitsa I saw a detachment of the speeding vehicles. These moving boxes were terrible on all sides, bound in heavy armor, sticking in all directions inside the muzzles of machine guns, called a terrible impression of some dark angry monsters. Disturbing and popping sounds of their horns completed an unpleasant feeling.

Raskolnikov F. F., Kronstadt and St. Petersburg in 1917

I hereby report that during the second half of February 25, the working crowd, assembled in Znamenskaya ploshchad* and at the Kazan Cathedral, were repeatedly dispersed by the police and military ranks. Around 5 p.m. the demonstrators started to sing revolutionary songs at Gostiny Dvor and threw red flags with slogans: "Down with war!"... February 25, two hundred and forty thousand workers stroke. I released the notice precluding the gathering of people on the streets and proving that every manifestation of the disorder will be suppressed by force of arms. Today, February 26, in the morning the city was calm.

Telegram S. S. Khabalov, the GHQ of the Supreme commander, op. CIT. "Great days of the Russian revolution"

*Ploshchad Vosstaniya 

712 m
14
Saint Petersburg City Duma

Saint Petersburg City Duma

St. Petersburg, Nevskiy prospect, 33

City Duma managed the affairs of Petrograd.

25 February

The first shooting was at the building of City Duma - it was Dragoons. The government agreed to transfer the commodity affair to the city management, at the insistence of Rodzyanko. As always it was too late. Rittich swore the Duma that there is no lack of the bread. Probably that it was true. But even if it was... then, of course, it was too late. The deal with bread quietly overlooked, forgotten as a random accident.

Gippius Z. N., Diaries

26 February

Nevsky was under serious shooting nearly 3 a.m., the wounded and dead were carried immediately to the emergency room under the tower.

Gippius Z. N., Diaries

2 March

Many attics and rooftops of the capital are occupied by the people who support the old order, they hope for its return and dare to shoot at the troops and residents. The caretakers and householders have to rummage a house from top to bottom and check their lodger attentively. They have to inform the military Commission of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma immediately of all suspicious persons. The perpetrators of the coverup will be taken to a military court.

The Order of the City of Petrograd. March 2, 1917, Great Days of the Russian Revolution

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