Reconstructed churches of Saint Petersburg

  • temples and cathedrals 7
88 km, 446 m
St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt

St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt

St. Petersburg, Kronstadt, Yakornaya pl., 1

The last and largest of the naval cathedrals of the Russian Empire

The Naval Cathedral of St. Nicholas is the last and largest of the naval cathedrals of the Russian Empire. It was built in Kronstadt in 1903-1913 upon the project of V.A. Kosyakov in Neo-Byzantine style. The stauropegial status of the cathedral indicates its direct subordination to the patriarch. Since May 2013, it has been considered the main temple of the Russian Navy.

The construction was initiated by the commander of the Kronstadt port, Vice Admiral N.I. Kaznakov. The requirement for the preparation of the design was that the height of the dome would allow the cathedral to serve as a guidemark seen from the sea, and the cross of the church would be the first thing that caught the eye of the sailor. In 1907, the temple was completed and the interior decoration began. The cost of the construction amounted to 1,876,000 rubles. The consecration of the cathedral took place on June 23, 1913 in the royal presence.

St. Nicholas Cathedral was conceived as a church monument to all perished sailors. Using images and Christian symbols, the Naval Cathedral proclaimed the idea of ​​raising military service to the rank of a spiritual endeavor, emphasizing its inextricability with moral purity. The idea of sanctity of patriotism was expressed in the commemoration of the dead soldiers and the installation of memorial plaques inside the church - the symbol of the Kingdom of God - with the soldiers’ names and an indication of the circumstances of their death.

Inside the cathedral were black and white marble plaques. The black ones carried the names of naval officers who died in battle or were killed in the line of duty. The white plaques, located inside the altar, had the names of clergymen who served on naval vessels and died at sea. Relics associated with the history of ships and naval crews, as well as evidence of the sailors’ feats were collected in the sacristy. This was the only temple in Russia that every sailor could rightfully consider his own.

In 1929, after closing, the cathedral was converted into a cinema named after Maxim Gorky. The gilding was washed off the domes, the gilded parts of the icons were ripped off, the marble iconostasis was dismantled, the mosaic icons and murals were plastered over, relics from the gallery of naval glory as well as all church property were taken from the cathedral.

The first liturgy in 75 years took place on December 19, 2005. The consecration of the cathedral took place on May 28, 2013, when the temple celebrated its 100th anniversary.

1
Compound of the Vvedensky Monastery Optina pustyn

Compound of the Vvedensky Monastery Optina pustyn

St. Petersburg, nab. Lieutenanta Schmidta, 27

The Optina pustyn men's choir was founded at the Optina Compound. The team of professional singers is reviving the traditions of the ancient statutory monastery singing: at divine services in the church celebrated hymns, Optina chants, different types of Old Russian chants, Russian church ponastery Optina pustyn

The place where the temple stands has belonged to the monastery courtyards since the 18th century: first, to the Trinity-Sergius Monastery (now Lavra), then to the Pskov Bishop's House. In 1875, the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra acquired the compound. At first, the temple on the Lavra Compound was small, with difficulty accommodating worshipers. In the years 1894-1900, the Kiev Pechersk Compound was rebuilt - with the church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which has survived to this day.

The creation of the project and the construction of the temple was led by the outstanding architect Vasily Antonovich Kosyakov (author of the Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt, the Church of the Mother of God on the Bolshoi Prospect, etc.). A beautiful, spacious temple has found numerous parishioners.

The events of 1917 destroyed the usual way of life. Since 1919, the gradual eviction of monks from cells begins under the pretext of "densification" of housing and providing it to those in need. On the night of August 23, 1930, the first arrest of the Compound Brotherhood took place. The arrested monks were accused of "systematically detaining a small change of silver coin, thereby undermining monetary circulation in the USSR." All were convicted and sent to northern concentration camps.

However, until the end of 1933 divine services continued, there was a parish of the Assumption Church, consisting of faithful parishioners. But soon they were also arrested. Among the arrested parishioners was the singing church Mikhail Vasilievich Gundyaev, father of the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill.

In 1934, the temple was closed and turned into a warehouse. In 1956, the first indoor ice rink in Leningrad began to be built in the church building. Here began the world-famous Leningrad school of figure skating.

In 1991, the former Kiev-Pechersk Compound became the courtyard of the Vvedensky stavropegic male monastery Optina Pustyn. The restoration of the temple and the entire courtyard complex, which continues to this day, has begun.

On September 15, 2013, the Church of the Assumption of the Mother of God was consecrated by the Great Rite, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill.

Cancer with a canopy and a particle of relics of St. Ambrose, an elder of Optina (XIX), has a reliquary of the Cathedral of the Rev. Elders of Optina, as well as a reliquary of the Kiev Pechersk Saints, which contains particles of the relics of 82 ascetics, including such venerable reverends: Moses Ugrin (XI), Elijah Muromets (XII), Nestor the Chronicler (XI-XII), Agapitos the doctor of the paramount (XI-XII), John the Long-suffering (XII), Isaiah the Wonderworker (XII century) and others.

In the temple there is the image of the Mother of God “The Naughty”, written on Mount Athos in the Dohiar Monastery. The image is an exact list with the miraculous icon of the ancient Athos monastery.

In the altar of the temple is stored the Holy Cross with Particles of the Life-Giving Cross of the Lord, Holy Golgotha, Holy Sepulcher and with particles of relics of various saints: prop. John the Baptist, ap. St. Andrew the Apostle and Ap. Jacob Zebedeev (I), right. Lazarus of the Four-Day (I), schmchch. Ignatius the God-bearer and Dionysius the Areopagite (II), St. Nicholas the Wonderworker (III-IV), vmch. Panteleimon (III-IV), Rev. John of Damascus (VII-VIII) and other saints. 

48 km, 99 m
2
The Cathedral of the Feodorovskaya Icon of Our Lady on Mirgorodskaya street

The Cathedral of the Feodorovskaya Icon of Our Lady on Mirgorodskaya street

Saint Petersburg, Mirgorodskaya street, 1 A

The cathedral, built for the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.

In 1907, on the threshold of the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty it was decided to lay the foundation of the cathedral, which would resemble the medieval temples of the Upper Volga region. The structure of reinforced concrete was designed in style of 15th-17th century Rostov cathedrals, the ones that had been typical for the times of the first monarch from Romanov dynasty, Mikhail Fedorovich. In 1913, while the construction works had still been in progress, the cross had been mounted on top of the cathedral’s central cupola, and in 1914 the main altar of the cathedral’s upper part was consecrated.

Feodorovsky Cathedral was built, using funds, donated by public (about 500000 rubles were raised nation-wide). The grand cathedral with five cupolas could accommodate 3500 people. The structure’s height was 48 meters, its square - 350 square meters. One of the cathedral’s walls copied the Kremlin wall, which symbolized the unity of Moscow and Saint Petersburg – 2 capitals of Russia.

The cathedral was decorated with colorful glazed tiles and majolica. The northern façade, facing Mirgorodskaya street was revetted with white stone with a great picture of Romanov family tree and an icon of Our Lady on it. Cathedral’s cupola was covered with gilt copper, and a copy of Vasnetsov&rsquo mosaic icon of Our Saviour was placed above the entrance. The cathedral’s belfry was equipped with special “personalized” bells, each one dedicated to a member of Nicholas II’s family.

In 1932 the new government ordered the cathedral to be closed. Later on it was rebuilt, turned into a milk factory and its cupolas were demolished.

In 1993, after the building had been given back to church, the reconstruction works began. Three altars of the cathedral were consecrated by Kirill, the Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus' on September 15, 2013.

6 km, 340 m
3
Church of the Saint Martyr Andrew 

Church of the Saint Martyr Andrew 

St. Petersburg, Rizhsky pr., 9

Metochion of the Konstantin-Eleninsky monastery

The establishment of the temple and its further history is connected with the theme of the new martyrs of Russia. 

The reason for the construction of the church was a wonderful case of salvation, the Royal family and the future Tsar- Nicholas in the train crash on 17th of October 1888 at the station Borki (60 km South of Kharkov). Due to a technical fault train path train, which went at a speed of 70 km per hour, derailed and crashed, falling off the mound. The number of deaths in the Royal train made up of 21 people. The entire Royal family (the Royal couple Alexander, Maria Fedorovna and their children: the Heir of Nicholas, George, Xenia, Mikhail and Olga) were miraculously spared, receiving only bruises and scratches.

14 Oct 1889, in the eve of the anniversary of the miraculous deliverance of the Emperor and His Royal family from the danger that threatened them in the train crash at Borkov, working in the Expedition of storing state papers decided to build on their donations separate Church Expedition. The construction of the building was carried out from 1891 to 1892.

On October 18, 1892, the ceremonial consecration of the house church was held in the name of the saint whose memory day falls on October 30, when the miraculous salvation of the Tsar’s family took place. On this day, the memory of several Saints is celebrated. The Martyr Andrew of Crete was chosen (767).

The first rector of the new church from 1892 to 1913 was the Philosopher Nikolayevich Ornadsky. This priest was one of the first victims for Christ after the 1917 revolution. Soon, the premises of the former church began to be used as a factory club. The renewal of the church began after the transferration it to the Goznak organization in the 90s of the XX century.

In 1998, a prayer service was held in the church on the day of memory of the Martyr Andrew of Crete, and on September 26, 2006 His Holiness Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow and All Russia visited it.

6 km, 685 m
4
Kazan church of the Novodevichy Convent

Kazan church of the Novodevichy Convent

St. Petersburg, Moskovsky pr., 100

It is the first Orthodox Convent in St. Petersburg

The Kazan church was built by the architect Vasily Antonovich Kosyakov. Its grandeur resembles the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. V. A. Kosyakov tried to create a church that would reflect the centuries-old history of Christianity, combining the Byzantine and Russian cultures.

The construction took three years and was completed in 1910. The walls of the church were faced with dark green marble, and the painting was made in the Old Russian style using the motifs of the frescoes of the Saint Therapontus Monastery. Due to the deterioration of the economic situation at the beginning of the First World War, the church remained closed and unconsecrated.

After most of the conventual buildings were transferred to the Institute of electrical engineering in the 1960s, the Church of Our Lady of Kazan was used as a mechanical workshop for several decades. In 1992, the premises of the Kazan church were transferred to the Russian Orthodox Church. The first liturgy was celebrated on 15 March, on the day of the Feast of Orthodoxy.

The five-domed Kazan church is faced with light bricks. The drums of the domes are decorated with ornaments and majolica. The sculptural decoration of the facades and interior decor of the temple contains: symbolic drawings of the Evangelists, an ornament with a grape-vine and palm branches, drawings of birds in the form of a dove, peacocks and pheasants. The church is decorated with three carved wooden gilded iconostases. The Kazan church has three chapels: the central one - in the name of the Our Lady of Kazan, the left chapel - in the name of the Icon of the Mother of God, and the right chapel – in the name of St. Seraphim of Sarov.

3 km, 110 m
5
Cathedral of St. Catherine the Great Martyr

Cathedral of St. Catherine the Great Martyr

Pushkin, Sobornaya Square, 81
None
22 km, 453 m
6
His Majesty’s Feodorovskiy Cathedral (Pushkin)

His Majesty’s Feodorovskiy Cathedral (Pushkin)

St. Petersburg, Pushkin, Akademicheskiy pr., 34

An Orthodox church in the St. Petersburg’s suburban town of Pushkin near the Fermskiy Park

The idea of building a 17th century style architectural complex “Feodorovskiy gorodok” (Feodorovskiy township) on barracks’ territory arose in the middle of the first decade of the 1900s. A regimental temple was to become the central dominant of the complex. In 1909, His Majesty personally condescended to indicate and measure with steps the place of the future church in a clearing adjacent to Tsarskoye Selo Park.

Pokrovskiy V.A. was appointed as the architect of the church and took the Cathedral of the Annunciation of Moscow Kremlin in its most ancient form, without subsequent alterations and extensions of the 16th century as a foundation for his new design. Nicholas II and Alexandra Fedorovna provided the core funding for the construction of the cathedral (150,000 rubles). The final cost of construction amounted to 1 million 150 thousand rubles. This sum, in addition to the aforementioned contribution of the imperial family, was raised by voluntary donations from merchants and industrialists. The ceremonial consecration of the new cathedral took place on September 2, 1912 in the presence of the imperial family and was performed by the Protopresbyter of the military and naval clergy Georgiy Shavelskiy.

The main part of the church is of a four-pillar cubic, cross-domed system. The uniform wall planes are broken by slightly prominent shoulder blades, a light arcature belt and stucco Russian coats of arms on the tsar's porch. The façades are decorated with mosaic panels made in the workshop of the Russian mosaic artist V. A. Frolov.

His Majesty’s Feodorovskiy Cathedral (rus. Feodorovskiy Gosudarev sobor) was considered the regimental temple of His Imperial Majesty's Own Consolidated Infantry Regiment, and was also "the parish of the Emperor’s family". During their stay in Tsarskoye Selo, the emperor's family visited the church on holidays and Sundays.

On June 13, 1933, the church was closed by the decision of the Leningrad Executive Committee. The Church’s property was divided among several museums. The mosaics were painted over. The upper church was adapted for a cinema, the screen was located in the altar’s place. The lower church was used as a Film and Photodocuments archive and warehouse. During the Great Patriotic War, the building suffered heavy damage under the shelling and bombing. The walls of the northern and western façades were ruined, roof trusses were damaged, and the main dome was destroyed. The staircase of the main entrance was dismantled. The archive in the church was destroyed by fire.

In the spring of 1991, Feodorovskiy Cathedral was transferred to the Russian Orthodox Church. In the same year, in one of the Tsarskoye Selo parks, the Feodorov Icon of the Mother of God was miraculously found and became one of the revered relics of the cathedral. In 1992, religious services began in the lower, and in 1996 in the upper church.

In 1995, Feodorovskiy Cathedral was included in the list of objects of historical and cultural heritage as a monument of architecture of federal significance.

1 km, 20 m
7