Rossi's Petersburg

Get acquainted with the heritage of the city's most outstanding architect

  • squares 3 ,
  • streets 2 ,
  • palaces 1
3 km, 787 m
Palace Square

Palace Square

St. Petersburg, Dvortsovaya ploshchad

Palace Square, the main square of Saint Petersburg 

Palace Square in Saint Petersburg is a place loved by the guests and the inhabitants of the city, the heart of the northern capital of Russia. It is one of the most beautiful architectural ensemble. It is created by the best Russian architects and named after the Winter Palace on it, the latter being built under the project of F.B. Rastrelli in the middle of XVIII century.

In 1819 by Emperor’s commitment architect K.I. Rossi carried out the design of the single architectural ensemble glorifying the Russian victory in the Patriotic War of 1812. The architect’s conception was combining the existing original interiors and new constructions.

Along the southern border of the square constructed the extensive facade of the General Staff Building  was constructed. Its length is 580 meters (the longest facade in the world). In the middle of the building there is the prominent arch decorated with the reliefs depicting the flying geniuses of glory, the architectural composition Cart of Glory with the shapes of warriors nearby, and the winged goddess of victory – Nike (the sculptors - N. Pimenov and V. Demuth-Malinvsky). The height of the sculpture is 10 meters, the height of the arch is 28 meters and the width is 17 meters.

 Alexander Column was built in the square in honor of the victory of the Russian armies over Napoleon. It was built under the project of Auguste de Montferrand in 1834. The column was named after Emperor Alexander I. Weighing 600 tons and being 47,5 meters high, it is crowned with the statue of an angel defeating a snake with a cross which is the symbol of the good defeating the bad. The angel’s head is bent to the ground so his face is seen from below (the architect - B. Orlovsky). The bas-reliefs on the pedestal of the column glorify the Russian victory (the sculptors - I. Lepee and P. Svintsov). The connecting link of all the buildings was the construction of the Guard Headquarters Building on the eastern side of the square completed in 1843 (the architect - A.P. Brullov). The facade of the Guard Headquarters Building is decorated with a portico of twenty ionic columns. The most beautiful building on the Palace Square is the Winter Palace.

This prominent building occupies 9 hectares and has about 1500 rooms. There was the time when the Winter Palace was the highest building in Saint Petersburg and in the central part of the city it was not allowed to put up houses any higher.

1
Saint Michael's (Engineer's) Castle

Saint Michael's (Engineer's) Castle

St. Petersburg, ul. Sadovaya, 2

The largest architectural monument, completing the history of St. Petersburg architecture of the XVIII century

Mikhailovsky Castle is the only palace constructed in Russia in the style of romantic classicism. It is a unique building with which many stories and legends are connected, often of a mystical character. It combines the features of a medieval knight's castle and a secular European palace of the XVIII century.

The palace was designed by the architect V. I. Bazhenov on behalf of Emperor Paul I, who wanted to make it his main front residence. The construction was led by architect V. Brenna. He revised the original design of the palace and created the artistic decoration of its interiors.

In addition to Bazhenov and Brenn, the emperor himself took part in the creation of the project, having composed several drawings for him. Brenn's assistants were also included Fedor Svinin and Karl Rossi. 

Built in the shortest possible time, the castle became the place of the mysterious death of its owner.

At the beginning of the XIX century. the castle “a deserted monument of a tyrant, an abandoned palace forgotten” took military and cultural figures into its walls, and later the Engineering School was located here, and the luxurious interiors of the former imperial residence were rebuilt and adapted to its needs. For many years, the castle was named Inzhenerny. In Soviet times, various military organizations were located here.

Now in the restored halls of the castle there is a permanent interactive exposition "The Romanov Saga" and open sculpture funds of the late XIX - early XXI centuries. The authentic marble sculpture of the Summer Garden is also stored here, as well as temporary exhibitions.

 

1 km, 502 m
2
Ploshchad Iskusstv (Arts Square)

Ploshchad Iskusstv (Arts Square)

Saint Petersburg, Ploshchad Iskusstv

Arts Square as part of the historical center of St. Petersburg is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List

The square is located in the Central District of St. Petersburg between E Inzhenernaya and Italyanskaya streets. The ensemble of the square, consisting of the buildings of the Mikhailovsky Palace (now it houses the State Russian Museum), the Mikhailovsky Theatere (the former Academic Opera and Ballet Theater named after M.P. Musorgsky), the house of Golenishchev-Kutuzov, the Musical Comedy Theater, Russian Museum of Ethnography, the Great  Philharmonic Hallnamed after D. D. Shostakovich and the hotel "Europe",  which was created by the famous architect Carl Rossi in the first half of the XIX century. In the small park on the square in 1957, a monument to A.S. Pushkin was erected by the sculptor M.K. Anikushin and the architect V. A. Petrov.

The Art Square, rectangular in plan, was built up with buildings, the facades of which were designed by the architect K.I. Rossi in an ensemble with the Mikhailovsky Palace and Mikhailovsky Street

648 m
3
Italianskaya Street

Italianskaya Street

St. Petersburg, Italyanskaya ulitsa

The name of the street was given in 1739 according to the Italian palace located nearby and built in the image of Italian entertainment houses

It runs from the embankment of Griboedov Canal to the embankment of  Fontanka River. Year of construction is 1820. Architect: Karl Rossi. Architectural style: classicism. I

n the period from 1871 to 1902, the street was called Bolshaya Italianskaya, while Malaya Italianskaya was modern Zhukovskogo street.

In 1923, the street was named after Commissar Rakov Alexander Semenovich, who died during the Civil War (1885-1919).

Historical name Italianskaya Street was returned in 1991. Built at the end of the 19th century, Italiansky Bridge across Griboedov Canal got its name from Italianskaya Street.

352 m
4
Zodchego Rossi Street

Zodchego Rossi Street

St. Petersburg, Ulitsa Zodchego Rossi

The first name of the street was “Teatralnaya” (“Theatre street”)

Architect Karl Rossi came up with the project of this street in the 1820s, when he was re-planning the entire area around the Anichkov Palace estate. The creation of the architectural ensemble of this street began in 1828, when the project was approved by Emperor Nicholas I. Rossi`s assistant, architect V. Glinka, was in charge of construction of the buildings and their exterior designs.

Buildings No. 2-4 were intended for the Appanage Department of the Ministry of the Imperial Court. In buildings No. 1-5 the Department of military educational institutions was to be housed. Just behind it, in the Vorontsov Palace, the Page Corps, subordinate to this department, was located. But in the end, the building was given to the Ministry of Education and Internal Affairs. In the ground floor of the buildings, Rossi designed open shopping arcades. In 1835, Nicholas I decided to transfer the ballet school here.

In the 1890s, Anna Pavlova, Mikhail Fokin, Agrippina Vaganova graduated from the ballet school. In October 1923, the street received a new name - Architect Rossi Street. In 1957, the ballet school received the name of A. Vaganova and became known as The Vaganova Academy of Russian Ballet.

894 m
5
Lomonosova Square

Lomonosova Square

St. Petersburg, Lomonosova pl.

Lomonosov Square (until 1948 Chernysheva Square) is located between the street of the Architect Rossi and the embankment of the Fontanka River. The square is named after M.V. Lomonosov

Lomonosov Square is the bridgehead area of the Lomonosov Bridge. To the square converges: the embankment of the Fontanka River, Architect Rossi Street, Lomonosov Street and Torgovy Lane. At the beginning of the 18th century, there was a process of concentration of the most important architectural structures on the banks of the Neva River and in the quarters closest to it. The future Lomonosov Square was an urban outskirts, until the middle of the century this place was occupied by the Anichkov Palace estate.

By the middle of the XVIII century, the need had arisen for tidying up certain areas of the city. The architect K.I. Rossi was entrusted with the redevelopment of the Anichkov Palace estate (by the middle of the 18th century it was the territory from the Fontanka River to Sadovaya Street along Nevsky Prospect) and the adjacent territory between Nevsky Prospect and Chernyshev Lane (modern Lomonosov Street). From 1836 to 1891 the square was called Chernyshevskaya, from 1844 to August 23, 1948 - Chernyshov Square, from August 23, 1948 - Lomonosov Square. A small square on this square was defeated in the 1870s. In 1892, a bust of M.V. Lomonosov by the sculptor P.P. Zabello was installed in its center.

240 m
6