Palace revolution epoch

The route will get you acquainted with the times that lasted from the death of Peter I till the enthronement of Catherine II

  • temples and cathedrals 1 ,
  • monuments 1 ,
  • palaces 2
5 km, 429 m
Winter Palace of Peter I

Winter Palace of Peter I

St. Petersburg, Dvortsovaya emb., 34

Winter Palace of Peter was on the site of the Hermitage Theatre, his ruins were discovered in the end ot the XX century

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Senate and Synod building

Senate and Synod building

St. Petersburg, Galernaya Street

Historical building in the Empire style

Originally built to house the two main governance bodies of the Russian Empire - Directing Senate and the Holy Synod. It was built in 1829-1834 under the project of Carlo Rossi and A.E. Shtaubert.

Senate and Synod are two separate buildings, united by a triumphal arch. Arch symbolized the unity of church and state, it is decorated with the sculptural group "Justice and Godliness." Bas-reliefs and high reliefs around the triumphal arch show the history of Russian legislation: bas-relief "Civil Law", busts of Peter I and Catherine II, bas-relief "The Law of the Lord", bas-relief "Natural Law."

The Russian State Historical Archive is located in these buildings from 1925 till 2006. The Russian Constitutional Court is housed in the former Senate building since May 2008, and the Presidential Library named by B.N. Yeltsin is placed in Synod building since 2009, in which the Patriarch private quarters and the head of state apartments are located. 

 

The Senate Square which is situated in front of the building of Senate and Synod changed its name for three times. The first name of the square was Senate Square but when The Bronze Horseman monument was established in the middle of the square in 1782 it was renamed and became Peter’s Square. In 1925 it was renamed Decembrists Square to commemorate the Decembrist Revolt, which took place there in 1825. The first name Senate Square was given back to the square in 2008.

 

For visiting The Presidential Library named by B. N. Yeltsin it is necessary to sign up at its official website.

1 km, 362 m
2
Menshikov Palace

Menshikov Palace

St. Petersburg, Universitetskaya nab., 15

Menshikov Palace was the first stone building in the city

Since 1981, it has served as a public museum, a branch of the Hermitage Museum.

The palace was founded in 1710 as a residence of Saint Petersburg Governor General Alexander Menshikov and built by Italian architects Giovanni Maria Fontana, and, later, German architect Gottfried Johann Schädel. It was opened in 1711, but the construction continued until 1727 (assisted by Domenico Trezzini, Bartolomeo Rastrelli, Georg Johann Mattarnovy and Jean-Baptiste Le Blond), when Menshikov with his family was exiled to Siberia and his property was confiscated.

In 1731, Cadet Corps were established and occupied the palace and neighboring buildings. At the end of the 19th century the Menshikov Palace was restored and became the museum of the Corps. In 1924, its collections were moved to the Hermitage and other museums. From 1956-1981 the Menshikov Palace was restored again and finally opened to the public as a branch of the Hermitage Museum with a collection of Russian art of the late 17th-early 18th century.

1 km, 653 m
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Peter and Paul Cathedral

Peter and Paul Cathedral

St. Petersburg, Petropavlovskaya fortress

Peter and Paul Cathedral is the oldest church in St. Petersburg

The architectural monument of Petrine Baroque style. Peter and Paul Cathedral is the oldest church in St. Petersburg. Its construction began on  July 12, 1703 on the day of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul in the newly founded fortress. The construction of the Cathedral upon the project and under the guidance of architect D. Trezzini took 20 years - from 1712 to 1732. Until 2012, the Cathedral with its height of 122.5 meters was the tallest building in St. Petersburg.

From the very beginning of the construction of the temple, Peter decided to turn it into a tomb of Russian rulers. The burials in the unfinished church started in the summer of 1708. Here all Russian tsars of the Romanov dynasty, except Peter II and Ivan VI, were buried.

2 km, 336 m
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