St. Peterburg of Peter the Great's times

This route will help you to open little-known, but intresting facts about the city and makes you sure that many traditions from the past carry on to exist in the present life

  • temples and cathedrals 3 ,
  • points of interest 6 ,
  • squares 2 ,
  • palaces 3 ,
  • museums 1 ,
  • parks 1
20 km, 170 m
St. Andrew's Cathedral (Cathedral of St. Andrew the Apostle)

St. Andrew's Cathedral (Cathedral of St. Andrew the Apostle)

St. Petersburg, 6-ya liniya V.O., 11

St. Andrew's Cathedralhad been built in 1728 and was listed as a church in the name of St. Andrew the apostle until 1744

In 1728, a wooden church was constructed on Vasilievsky Island, at the intersection of Bolshoi Prospekt and Line 6. The alleged author of the project was D.A. Trezzini. The church was consecrated in the name of the Holy Apostle Andrew in 1732 and was intended for the celebration of the Knights of the St. Andrew Order. In 1744, the church received the status of a cathedral.

Members of the royal family and many famous personalities of that time, including M. Lomonosov and V. Trediakovsky attended the services in a new church. Another church, designed by G. Trezzini was built nearby between 1740 to 1745. The consecration took place in 1760 in the name of the Three Ecumenical Saints. The premises of the Three Saints church were mainly used for the sacristy of St. Andrew's Cathedral, the church library and the archive.

On July 4, 1761, a wooden church burned down during a thunderstorm. July 18, 1764 the fundament of a new church was laid under the direction of A. Vista. That was the church which survived to the present day. Construction was completed by 1780. The opened temple became the center of the Knights of the Order of St. Apostle Andrew. In 1786 a bell tower was built, and in 1790 a chapel. In 1797, a bas-relief was installed over the entrance depicting the Order of St. Andrew, which was carried by two angels.

In the second half of the 19th century, the “Help the Poor” society began to operate at the church, which eventually became the largest parish charity in Russia.

After the revolution, the temple fell into decay, then it was plundered and closed. The building was used as a warehouse.

In 1928, the bells were removed from the bell tower, transferred to the Peter and Paul Fortress, and subsequently remelted. Later on, the building had been rented by various institutions. During the Great Patriotic War, the facades, roof, iconostasis, and interior were damaged. In 1992, the temple was restored and returned to believers. The church of the Three Saints was also returned. To this day, the Cathedral has kept a magnificent carved wooden 17-meter gilded iconostasis of the XVIII century, one of the oldest in the city.

In 1995-1996, gilded crosses were installed on the domes of the temple. In 2001, in honor of the 300th anniversary of the founding of the Order of St. Andrew , an obelisk was erected in front of the church. In 2007, a bust of F.A. Golovin was open in the square near the church.

Church services are held every day.

Rector - Archpriest Michael Mokropolov.

1
Menshikov Palace

Menshikov Palace

Saint Petersburg, Universitetskaya naberezhnaya, 15

Menshikov Palace was the first stone building in the city

Since 1981, it has served as a public museum, a branch of the Hermitage Museum.

The palace was founded in 1710 as a residence of Saint Petersburg Governor General Alexander Menshikov and built by Italian architects Giovanni Maria Fontana, and, later, German architect Gottfried Johann Schädel. It was opened in 1711, but the construction continued until 1727 (assisted by Domenico Trezzini, Bartolomeo Rastrelli, Georg Johann Mattarnovy and Jean-Baptiste Le Blond), when Menshikov with his family was exiled to Siberia and his property was confiscated.

In 1731, Cadet Corps were established and occupied the palace and neighboring buildings. At the end of the 19th century the Menshikov Palace was restored and became the museum of the Corps. In 1924, its collections were moved to the Hermitage and other museums. From 1956-1981 the Menshikov Palace was restored again and finally opened to the public as a branch of the Hermitage Museum with a collection of Russian art of the late 17th-early 18th century.

1 km, 54 m
2
The Twelve Collegia

The Twelve Collegia

St. Petersburg, Universitetskaya nab.,7
None
506 m
3
Novobirzhevoy Gostinny Dvor

Novobirzhevoy Gostinny Dvor

St. Petersburg, Vasilievsky Ostrov, Mendeleevskay liniya, 5

The building has suffered little change since the construction till today

None
343 m
4
Peter and Paul Fortress

Peter and Paul Fortress

St. Petersburg, Zayachy ostrov

A unique historical, architectural and fortification art monument of XVIII-XIX centuries

Founded by Peter the Great in 1703, St. Peter and Paul Fortress is considered to be a unique fortification monument of XVIII-XIX centuries. Its architectural ensemble is focused around St. Peter and Paul Cathedral where the tombs of all the Russian emperors can be found.

The Peter and Paul Fortress is put on May 27, 1703. According to the legend, Peter I himself chose a place for new fortress – the small Hare island (in Finnish – Enisaari), located in the Neva River mouth. The citadel in the form of a six-pointed star was constructed according to the project made by the French engineer Zh.G. Lamber with the participation of the tsar. Six curtains connect six powerful bastions, the associates of Peter I called by names.

The defensive system from the West and the East is closed by Ioannovsky and Alekseevsky ravelins. Two bridges — Ioannovsky and Kronverksky - connect the Hare island with Petrograd. On October 1, 1703 fortress consecrated. On the Monarchic bastion the Andreevsky colors were hoisted, on ramparts three hundred tools are installed. On June 29, 1703 in the center of the Peter and Paul Fortress put small wooden church for the sake of apostles Pyotr and Pavel on which place in 1712-1732 built a stone cathedral. From 1731 to 1858 Peter and Paul Cathedral had the status of the cathedral temple of the capital, then was ranked as court department. The cathedral served as a tomb of reigning House of Romanovs. Here the Russian emperors and empresses from Peter I to Nikolay II, except for Pyotr II and Ioann of VI are buried. To a cathedral the covered gallery connected the Grand-ducal tomb.

Within the XVIII-XIX centuries in the territory of fortress buildings and constructions of different function were built: Botny house, Artillery, Mint, Commandant's and Engineering house, an also guardroom and others. In the XVIII century fortress became a jail of the state criminals, in XIX — the main political prison of Russia. At the emperor Alexander I at the beginning of the XIX century fortress was for the first time open for visitors. In the 1900th years in Peter and Paul Cathedral tours on an imperial necropolis were conducted. In 1924 Trubetskoy's prison of a bastion turned into the museum. In 1954 the complex of buildings of the Peter and Paul Fortress was passed the State museum of history of Leningrad (St. Petersburg).

The territory of the fortress and the beach are open for public. The main cites include the history of everyday life in St.Petersburg in the XVIII-XIX centuries in the House of the Commandant of the garrison. One may visit the prison of Trubetskoy bastion that once used to be the political prison. Among those prisoners who are well-known in the world were L.Trotsky and F.Dostoyevsky. The Boat house shows the first ship that started the history of Russin fleet.

1 km, 534 m
5
Troitskaya Square

Troitskaya Square

St. Petersburg, Troitskaya ploshad

Troitskaya Square is the first and, therefore, the oldest square in St. Petersburg

Troitskaya square appeared in front of the Peter and Paul fortress at the time when the construction of the city on the Neva was just beginning. The land around Trinity square hurry to take approximate of Peter the Great. Began to appear first luxury home. On the square itself and next to it was built the first Gostiny Dvor, the first pharmacy, the first post office and the first printing press, had arranged the first municipal market. Near Trinity square was the first commercial port of St. Petersburg and customs.

The Holy Trinity Church towered over the square, giving the name of the square, and subsequently to the bridge across the Neva River. The first wooden church of St. Petersburg in honor of the Holy Trinity (the day of the foundation of the city), designed by Domenico Trezzini, was laid in 1703 by personal order of Peter the Great.

Construction work lasted almost ten years, and the church was solemnly consecrated in July 1711. Soon the Holy Trinity Church was given the status of the main cathedral of the new Russian capital. It was in this temple that Peter I took the title of Russian emperor. In 1750, a wooden church was significantly damaged by the fire that was widespread at that time, and in 1756 a new stone church was erected in its place. Subsequently, the church was rebuilt several times.

In the first decades of the 18th century, Trinity Square was the administrative, commercial, and cultural center of St. Petersburg. The main government offices were located here - the Senate, the Synod and the collegiums. Later, Peter I decided to transfer the center of the new capital from the chaotically built-up City (today - Petrogradskiy) island to the still uninhabited Vasilievsky island, which could easily be turned into so important for Peter Amsterdam.

850 m
6
Trinity chapel

Trinity chapel

St. Petersburg, Trinity Square
None
177 m
7
House of Peter I Museum

House of Peter I Museum

St. Petersburg, Petrovskay emb., 6

A wooden house of Peter I on the Petrogradskaya Side is a witness of the first days of the city

Nowadays there is an exposition of memorial belongings of Peter the Great in the museum: a uniform made of red woollen cloth; a pipe of boxwood with agate insets (a present from A. Menshikov); a cane in Oriental style covered with a sea skate skin, with a handle decorated with gilt on the japanning; a cast of Peter-s hand copied from the print made at the ironworks in Lipetsk (1707); a light boat built by Peter himself which he used it to cross the Neva river. An armchair made of pear tree wood is near the table. A legend says that it was Peter I who made it.

838 m
8
 Church of the Holy Great Martyr Panteleimon

Church of the Holy Great Martyr Panteleimon

St. Petersburg, ul. Pestelya, 2-a

The history of the Panteleimon Church originates from the chapel at the particular shipyard on Fontanka

A wooden temple was built on the site of the chapel in 1722. September 2, 1722 the solemn consecration of the temple in the name of the holy great martyr and healer Panteleimon took place. Emperor Peter I conceived this church as a temple-monument to the Russian fleet, which had won two magnificent naval victories at that time - at Gangut on July 27, 1714 and at Grengam on July 27, 1720.

The name of the church came from the fact that both of these victories were won on the day of St. Panteleimon. The street starting at the church was also called Panteleimonovskaya (now Pestel Street). In 1734, during the reign of Anna Ioannovna, a new stone church was laid next to the wooden church.

Construction work under the leadership of N. Schumacher ended in 1739. Often authorship is attributed to Ivan Korobov, since he introduced quite a lot of amendments to Schumacher's initial draft. The solemn consecration of the new temple took place on July 27, 1739.

On June 15, 1935, the Panteleimon Church was closed, and the building itself began to be used as a grain warehouse, then as a textile workshop. In the 50s of the 20th century, memorial plaques were restored. In 1981, the Panteleimon Church building housed a branch of the Museum of the History of Leningrad Gangut Glory.

Finally, in 1994, the building was transferred to the St. Petersburg Diocese, restoration of church premises was carried out. The architecture of the church is characteristic of the first half of the 18th century: pilasters of the Doric order on the facades, a figured arched pediment above the location of the altar, a high faceted dome on an octagonal drum and a bell tower with a spire.

4 km, 115 m
9
Summer Palace of Peter the Great

Summer Palace of Peter the Great

St. Petersburg, Letniy Sad, lit А

The Summer Palace is a diminutive residence of Peter the Great that was built in 1710-14 in his new capital

The design was by Domenico Trezzini.This simple Dutch-style (Petrine Baroque) mansion contains just 14 main rooms.

89 m
10
Summer Garden

Summer Garden

Saint Petersburg, nab. Kutuzova, 2

The Summer Garden is one of the places where one can feel the atmosphere of Peter's times

The garden with a collection of sculptures and the Summer Palace that was the first Emperor's residence constitute a single museum complex. 

The Summer Garden is a pearl in the garden necklace of Petersburg. Peter I really liked this garden. It was laid out in 1704. Time has changed the garden a lot. However, its original planning still remains. 

Peter I wanted the garden of his residence to be as beautiful as the famous gardens of European monarchs. To decorate the Summer Garden he commissioned marble busts and statues from Italy. This purchase laid the foundation of the collection of sculpture of European level.

The fence on the Neva side of the Summer Garden is an architectural masterpiece of universal fame. The impressive monumentality merges miraculously with lightness, simplicity, and grace.

850 m
11
Rossi's Pavilion in Mikhailovsky Sad

Rossi's Pavilion in Mikhailovsky Sad

St. Petersburg, Mikhailovsky Sad
None
432 m
12
The Field of Mars

The Field of Mars

St. Petersburg, Marsovo pole

That is the place where the first eternal flame in Russia was ignited

At the beginning of the 18th century, on the site of the Field of Mars, there was an overgrown swamp grove. Subsequently, it was turned into a venue for military reviews and was called "Bolshoi Lug" (eng. Big Meadow). There were celebrations and festivities in honor of the victories in the Northern War. Carnivals, performances and fireworks were held at this place, in honor of which the Big Meadow was renamed "Poteshnoye Pole" (eng. Amusement Field). But this name wasn't fixed for a long time either: the palace of the wife of Peter the Great, Catherine I, was erected near the field, and the territories adjacent to it became known as "Tsaritsyn  Lug " (eng. Tsarina’s Meadow). Only in 1805 the field was named in honor of the ancient god of war - Mars.

In 1917, the victims of the February Revolution were solemnly buried in the center of the Field of Mars, and later the victims of the Civil War were buried there. In the years 1917-19 according to the project of architect L. V. Rudnev, a memorial was built for the victims of the revolution with the epitaphs of A. V. Lunacharsky. In the 1920's a square was laid out around the memorial. In 1957, the memorial was reconstructed under the direction of architect S. G. Mayofis, as a result of which the Field of Mars became the first place in the country where the Eternal Flame was lit.

In the years 1918-1920 Finnish communists were buried on  the Field of Mars.

272 m
13
Winter Palace of Peter I

Winter Palace of Peter I

St. Petersburg, Dvortsovaya nab., 34

In the first third of the XVIII century, the Winter Palace was built for Peter the Great on the Palace embankment where the Hermitage theater is located now

This Palace has not been preserved to the present day, but at the end of the XX century, during the reconstruction of the Hermitage theater, some interiors of the Winter Palace of Peter I were recreated and the museum was opened.

The Wedding chambers of Peter I were built on the Neva embankment in 1712. In 1716-1719, architect Georg Mattarnovi erected the new building of the Winter Palace for the emperor next to the old one. After the death of Mattarnovi, his work was continued by N. Gerbel, who seriously expanded the Palace and turned it into a true imperial dwelling in 1719-1722. The Palace became the most solemn building in Saint Petersburg. Peter the Great died there in 1725.

Later, Catherine I and Peter II lived in the Palace. The Palace was also prepared for Anna Ioannovna, but she preferred the Chambers of Apraksin (on the site of the current Winter Palace). The building of the Peter's Palace became a service building. In 1734 the dance school of Jean-Baptiste Lande was housed here. Nowadays, it is the Vaganova Academy of Russian ballet. At the end of the XVIII century, the Hermitage theater was built on this site.

In the 1970s and 1980s, the architects of the State Hermitage discovered the historical parts of the Palace. Some of the rooms were recreated and now they are available for visitors.

1 km, 139 m
14
Building of the Main Admiralty

Building of the Main Admiralty

Saint Petersburg, Admiralteysky proezd, 1

The first building on the left bank of the Neva River and it's one of the most important sight of St. Petersurg

Originally the Admiralty reflected Peter I only as shipyard, according to his project it was put on November 5, 1704. The modern building of the Admiralty consists of two P-shaped cases – internal and external. Length of the main facade of the Admiralty – 406 meters, lateral – 163 meters. Six multicolumn porticoes decorated the central facade of the building. In the center of a facade the many-tier tower with an entrance arch is located. The spike making 72 meters in height, is topped with a weather vane ship which became one of symbols of Leningrad. The building of the Admiralty is decorated by bas-reliefs, statues and stucco mouldings. It is constructed in 1727-1737, it is reconstructed in 1806-1823. Architects: I.K. Korobov, A.D. Zakharov

Firstly having been constructed as a shipyard, at present the Admiralty building is the Headquarters of the Russian Navy.Three central streets of St. Petersburg split off from the Admiralty Spire as three rays.: Nevsky prospekt, Gorokhovaya ulitsa and Voznesensky prospekt. On the top of the 72,5 meter spire one can see the symbol of St. Petersburg - a gilded weather vane in the form of a ship.

According to the legend, the silhouette of the weather vane repeats a contour of the first ship which came into the port of St. Petersburg soon after the foundation of the city.

Find the Admiralty spire from Gorokhovaya ulitsa, Voznesensky and Nesky prospekts. Just because of this interesting possibility - one can see the spire from these 3 streets -  in the 19th century the Admiralty was jestingly called  a "Pole Star" or "Nevsky trident".

2 km, 575 m
15
Naberezhnaya reki Fontanki

Naberezhnaya reki Fontanki

St. Petersburg, nab. reki Fontanki
None
3 km, 213 m
16