Alongside the Moika river

This route will take you alongside one the most popular Petersburg canals – the Moika river, where almost every building on its bank can tell you its story

The river flows from the Fontanka River near the Summer Garden past the Field of Mars, crosses Nevsky Avenue and the Kryukov Canal before entering the Neva River. It is also connected with the Neva by the Swan Channel and the Winter Channel.

In 1711, Peter the Great ordered the banks of the river to be consolidated. After the Kryukov Canal linked it with the Fontanka River four years later, the Moyka became so much clearer that its name was changed from Mya to Moyka, associated with the Russian verb "to wash".

In 1736, the first Moyka quay was constructed in wood. Four bridges originally spanned the river: the Blue, the Green, the Yellow, and the Red. The 99 meters wide Blue Bridge, now hardly visible underneath St. Isaac's Square, remains the widest bridge in the whole city

  • museums 1 ,
  • parks 1 ,
  • squares 2 ,
  • bridges 1 ,
  • theaters 1
2 km, 441 m
Palace Square

Palace Square

St. Petersburg, Dvortsovaya ploshchad

Palace Square, the main square of Saint Petersburg 

Palace Square in Saint Petersburg is a place loved by the guests and the inhabitants of the city, the heart of the northern capital of Russia. It is one of the most beautiful architectural ensemble. It is created by the best Russian architects and named after the Winter Palace on it, the latter being built under the project of F.B. Rastrelli in the middle of XVIII century.

In 1819 by Emperor’s commitment architect K.I. Rossi carried out the design of the single architectural ensemble glorifying the Russian victory in the Patriotic War of 1812. The architect’s conception was combining the existing original interiors and new constructions.

Along the southern border of the square constructed the extensive facade of the General Staff Building  was constructed. Its length is 580 meters (the longest facade in the world). In the middle of the building there is the prominent arch decorated with the reliefs depicting the flying geniuses of glory, the architectural composition Cart of Glory with the shapes of warriors nearby, and the winged goddess of victory – Nike (the sculptors - N. Pimenov and V. Demuth-Malinvsky). The height of the sculpture is 10 meters, the height of the arch is 28 meters and the width is 17 meters.

 Alexander Column was built in the square in honor of the victory of the Russian armies over Napoleon. It was built under the project of Auguste de Montferrand in 1834. The column was named after Emperor Alexander I. Weighing 600 tons and being 47,5 meters high, it is crowned with the statue of an angel defeating a snake with a cross which is the symbol of the good defeating the bad. The angel’s head is bent to the ground so his face is seen from below (the architect - B. Orlovsky). The bas-reliefs on the pedestal of the column glorify the Russian victory (the sculptors - I. Lepee and P. Svintsov). The connecting link of all the buildings was the construction of the Guard Headquarters Building on the eastern side of the square completed in 1843 (the architect - A.P. Brullov). The facade of the Guard Headquarters Building is decorated with a portico of twenty ionic columns. The most beautiful building on the Palace Square is the Winter Palace.

This prominent building occupies 9 hectares and has about 1500 rooms. There was the time when the Winter Palace was the highest building in Saint Petersburg and in the central part of the city it was not allowed to put up houses any higher.

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Pevchesky Bridge

Pevchesky Bridge

St. Petersburg, Pevchesky most

Pevchesky bridge connects Kazansky and the 2nd Admiralteysky islands across the Moyka river in Central district of Saint Petersburg

The first wooden bridge was built in 1834 by architect Auguste Montferrand. It was intended for the passage to the Palace square of troops participating in the parade at the opening of the Alexander column. The railing of the bridge, painted yellow, gave the bridge name – The Yellow. The Red, the Green and the Blue bridges were already built over the Moyka river at that time. Later, the Yellow bridge was renamed Pevchesky bridge after the Court Chapel located nearby.

In the years 1839-1840 the wooden bridge was rebuilt to a single-span cast iron arched one by engineer E.A. Adam. Cast iron railings were installed on the bridge. V. P. Stasov or K. I. Rossi is considered the author of the railing. The grand opening of the bridge took place on 24 November 1840. Emperor Nicholas I crossed the new bridge in his carriage first.

Pevchesky bridge is the fourth widest bridge in St. Petersburg (after Kazansky, Aptekarsky and the Blue bridges). It is about 24 meters long and 72 meters wide.

338 m
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Saint Petersburg State Academic Capella

Saint Petersburg State Academic Capella

St. Petersburg, Moika river emb., 20

St. Petersburg State Academic Capella is one of the main centers of musical art in Russia, multifunctional cultural institution

St. Petersburg State Academic Capella is one of the main centers of musical art in Russia, multifunctional cultural institution. The Capella is located in the heart of St. Petersburg, a few meters from the Palace square, on the Moika river embankment. The St. Petersburg choir was founded in 1479, and for centuries it has been one of the best choirs in the world.

Since 1974, the Capella is headed by an outstanding russian conductor, people's artist of the USSR Vladislav  Chernushenko. A symphony orchestra of the St. Petersburg Capella under the management of the people's artist of Russia Aleksandr  Chernushenko  is one of the leading ensembles in our country and in herits  the traditions of the first russian state symphony orchestra.

The Capella concert hall, built in 1889 by Leontius Benoit, is considered to be one of the best acoustically sound concert halls  in the world.  The historical  organ of  Capella  made in 1891 by "Walker" company, is famous for its unique and noble sound. The masterpieces of the russian and world classics, outstanding examples of choral music, works by contemporary authors, and also music of various genres - from symphonic jazz to folk are performed in Capella.

Both the main  hall and chamber hall host the recitals, one-man shows, chamber concerts, and numerous concerts for children and youth. In Capella the exhibition gallery is always  open : exhibitions of modern painting, graphics, sculpture, and photo exhibitions are regularly organized  there. The guided tours take place in the historical complex of Capella buildings. Every year  a city summer camp for the young music lovers  takes place in Capella.

49 m
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National Pushkin Museum

National Pushkin Museum

St. Petersburg, Moika river Embankment, 12

Memorial apartment is the last lodging of Russian poet Alexander Pushkin

The Pushkin Apartment Museum, located in one of the oldest stone mansions in St. Petersburg at River Moika, 12, which in XIX century belonged to several generations of the Dukes Volkonky. It is the Memorial Museum of the poet, telling about the last period of his life and creativity. That was Alexander Pushkin’s last apartment. There he died on January 29 (old style), 1837 after he had been mortally wounded at the duel.

The central part of exposition represents Pushkin's study. The Captain's Daughter novel and many other things were written here. A clock in Gothic style is placed on the wall. According to contemporaries, it stopped on February, 10 at 2 P.M., when Pushkin’s heart ceased beating.

257 m
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The Field of Mars

The Field of Mars

St. Petersburg, Marsovo pole

That is the place where the first eternal flame in Russia was ignited

At the beginning of the 18th century, on the site of the Field of Mars, there was an overgrown swamp grove. Subsequently, it was turned into a venue for military reviews and was called "Bolshoi Lug" (eng. Big Meadow). There were celebrations and festivities in honor of the victories in the Northern War. Carnivals, performances and fireworks were held at this place, in honor of which the Big Meadow was renamed "Poteshnoye Pole" (eng. Amusement Field). But this name wasn't fixed for a long time either: the palace of the wife of Peter the Great, Catherine I, was erected near the field, and the territories adjacent to it became known as "Tsaritsyn  Lug " (eng. Tsarina’s Meadow). Only in 1805 the field was named in honor of the ancient god of war - Mars.

In 1917, the victims of the February Revolution were solemnly buried in the center of the Field of Mars, and later the victims of the Civil War were buried there. In the years 1917-19 according to the project of architect L. V. Rudnev, a memorial was built for the victims of the revolution with the epitaphs of A. V. Lunacharsky. In the 1920's a square was laid out around the memorial. In 1957, the memorial was reconstructed under the direction of architect S. G. Mayofis, as a result of which the Field of Mars became the first place in the country where the Eternal Flame was lit.

In the years 1918-1920 Finnish communists were buried on  the Field of Mars.

807 m
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Mikhailovsky Garden

Mikhailovsky Garden

St. Petersburg, Inzhenernaya ul., 2

Mikhailovskiy Garden is a part of The Summer Garden, which was laid down in the times of Peter the Great

Mikhailovsky Garden is one of the most rare monuments of landscape architecture of XVIII — the first third of the XIX centuries, representing a unique combination of two different styles of landscape art on one territory — regular or "French" and landscape or "English" gardens.

During the time of Peter I the territory of contemporary Mikhailovsky Garden was called "Swedish garden". It was gifted by the emperor to his spouse Catherine. On the place where now is located a pavilion constructed upon K. Rossi's  project (on the Moika River Emb.) there was the palace of the empress called as a “Golden mansion". In the middle of the XVIII century, in the reign of  impress Elizabeth, the garden was reorganized upon the project of  F.-B.Rastrelli. Two big ponds which remain up to now in southeast part of a garden had a geometrical form, and behind them started the big garden labyrinth stretching up to the Nevsky Avenue.

In the XIX century the garden changes its "regular" face on the "landscape" shape and becomes part of the ensemble of the Mikhailovsky Palace – a marvellous example of architectural unity of the building and a natural landscape created upon a plan of the great architect Carlo Rossi.

Mikhailovsky Garden was in the private possession and became available to citizens’ visit from the moment of the Russian Museum’s foundation in 1895. In 1999, having almost completely lost the historical appearance, I became part of the Russian Museum. The XXI century - a reference point of the contemporary history of Mikhailovsky Garden. Having passed large-scale reconstruction, it began the life not only as a unique monument of landscape architecture, but also as modern museum space, a peculiar green hall open-air.

782 m
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