Trezini's the first architect of Petersburg

The route helps to know more about D. Trezini, the main architect of Petersburg. You'll see the places where he lived and created as well as the most famous buildings that he designed.

  • points of interest 4 ,
  • parks 1 ,
  • temples and cathedrals 1 ,
  • monuments 1 ,
  • palaces 1
5 km, 956 m
Summer Garden

Summer Garden

Saint Petersburg, nab. Kutuzova, 2

The Summer Garden is one of the places where one can feel the atmosphere of Peter's times

The garden with a collection of sculptures and the Summer Palace that was the first Emperor's residence constitute a single museum complex. 

The Summer Garden is a pearl in the garden necklace of Petersburg. Peter I really liked this garden. It was laid out in 1704. Time has changed the garden a lot. However, its original planning still remains. 

Peter I wanted the garden of his residence to be as beautiful as the famous gardens of European monarchs. To decorate the Summer Garden he commissioned marble busts and statues from Italy. This purchase laid the foundation of the collection of sculpture of European level.

The fence on the Neva side of the Summer Garden is an architectural masterpiece of universal fame. The impressive monumentality merges miraculously with lightness, simplicity, and grace.

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Millionnaya ul., 4

Millionnaya ul., 4

St. Petersburg, Millionnaya ul., 4
917 m
2
Peter and Paul Fortress

Peter and Paul Fortress

St. Petersburg, Zayachy ostrov

A unique historical, architectural and fortification art monument of XVIII-XIX centuries

Founded by Peter the Great in 1703, St. Peter and Paul Fortress is considered to be a unique fortification monument of XVIII-XIX centuries. Its architectural ensemble is focused around St. Peter and Paul Cathedral where the tombs of all the Russian emperors can be found.

The Peter and Paul Fortress is put on May 27, 1703. According to the legend, Peter I himself chose a place for new fortress – the small Hare island (in Finnish – Enisaari), located in the Neva River mouth. The citadel in the form of a six-pointed star was constructed according to the project made by the French engineer Zh.G. Lamber with the participation of the tsar. Six curtains connect six powerful bastions, the associates of Peter I called by names.

The defensive system from the West and the East is closed by Ioannovsky and Alekseevsky ravelins. Two bridges — Ioannovsky and Kronverksky - connect the Hare island with Petrograd. On October 1, 1703 fortress consecrated. On the Monarchic bastion the Andreevsky colors were hoisted, on ramparts three hundred tools are installed. On June 29, 1703 in the center of the Peter and Paul Fortress put small wooden church for the sake of apostles Pyotr and Pavel on which place in 1712-1732 built a stone cathedral. From 1731 to 1858 Peter and Paul Cathedral had the status of the cathedral temple of the capital, then was ranked as court department. The cathedral served as a tomb of reigning House of Romanovs. Here the Russian emperors and empresses from Peter I to Nikolay II, except for Pyotr II and Ioann of VI are buried. To a cathedral the covered gallery connected the Grand-ducal tomb.

Within the XVIII-XIX centuries in the territory of fortress buildings and constructions of different function were built: Botny house, Artillery, Mint, Commandant's and Engineering house, an also guardroom and others. In the XVIII century fortress became a jail of the state criminals, in XIX — the main political prison of Russia. At the emperor Alexander I at the beginning of the XIX century fortress was for the first time open for visitors. In the 1900th years in Peter and Paul Cathedral tours on an imperial necropolis were conducted. In 1924 Trubetskoy's prison of a bastion turned into the museum. In 1954 the complex of buildings of the Peter and Paul Fortress was passed the State museum of history of Leningrad (St. Petersburg).

The territory of the fortress and the beach are open for public. The main cites include the history of everyday life in St.Petersburg in the XVIII-XIX centuries in the House of the Commandant of the garrison. One may visit the prison of Trubetskoy bastion that once used to be the political prison. Among those prisoners who are well-known in the world were L.Trotsky and F.Dostoyevsky. The Boat house shows the first ship that started the history of Russin fleet.

 

1 km, 814 m
3
Peter and Paul Cathedral

Peter and Paul Cathedral

St. Petersburg, Petropavlovskaya fortress

Peter and Paul Cathedral is the oldest church in St. Petersburg

The architectural monument of Petrine Baroque style. Peter and Paul Cathedral is the oldest church in St. Petersburg. Its construction began on  July 12, 1703 on the day of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul in the newly founded fortress. The construction of the Cathedral upon the project and under the guidance of architect D. Trezzini took 20 years - from 1712 to 1732. Until 2012, the Cathedral with its height of 122.5 meters was the tallest building in St. Petersburg.

From the very beginning of the construction of the temple, Peter decided to turn it into a tomb of Russian rulers. The burials in the unfinished church started in the summer of 1708. Here all Russian tsars of the Romanov dynasty, except Peter II and Ivan VI, were buried.

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The Twelve Collegia

The Twelve Collegia

St. Petersburg, Universitetskaya emb.,7/9
2 km, 14 m
5
Palace of Peter II

Palace of Peter II

St. Peterburg, Universitetskaya nab., 11

The Palace of Peter II was built on the area of Alexander Menshikov's estate in the twenties of the 18th century. It is located on the Universitetskaya naberezhnaya of Vasilievsky Island.

Menshikov's daughter was affianced to Peter Alekseevich that's why in 1727 the new palace was laid down on the site of Menshikov. Previously there was a house of Menshikov's butler, Fedor Solovev. This house was reconstructed and became an eastern wing of new palace.

At the stone-laying ceremony attended Peter Alekseevich and architect Domenico Trezzini. In 1730, before the end of the building Peter II dies in Moscow from the disease. After his death the construction of the building had actually stopped.

Currently East and Philology faculties of St. Petersburg State University are located in the former Palace of Peter II.

179 m
6
Trezini's house

Trezini's house

St. Petersburg, Universitetskaya emb., 21
748 m
7
Trezini monument

Trezini monument

St. Petersburg, Universitetskaya emb., 21
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