"Beautiful Petersburg" boat route

Multi-coloured palaces and houses, majestic gardens and water space – all of these is the Beautiful St. Petersburg

This is one of the most significant routes in the historic city center. It covers a part of the city, which was populated one of the first. The rivers and canals from the time of Peter I were considered to be the main entrances to the city, so the most stunning views are opened when viewed from the water.

 

 

  • restaurants 1 ,
  • circuses 1 ,
  • museums 4 ,
  • squares 1 ,
  • theaters 2 ,
  • palaces 3 ,
  • points of interest 1 ,
  • berths 2 ,
  • bridges 3
16 km, 34 m
Berth  "Naberezhnaya reki Fontanki, 71"

Berth "Naberezhnaya reki Fontanki, 71"

Naberezhnaya reki Fontanki, 71

A berth of "Teplohod Spb" company, located on Moika River Embankment, 71

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The Derzhavin museum

The Derzhavin museum

St. Petersburg, Fontanka river embankment, 118

The museum is a city estate of the XVIII century recreated at River Fontanka Embankment

For the amount of information this Museum occupies a special niche in the cultural life of contemporary St. Petersburg. In 2003 theMemorial Museum of G.Derzhavin and Russian Letters of His Time was opened in the central block of the house to mark the 300 anniversary of Petersburg. Since the beginning of 1790-ies and up to Derzhavin’s death (1816) of the poet’s house remained one of the cultural centers of St. Petersburg, the locus of spiritual life of the capital.

The literary exhibition «Owners of Russian Lyre. From Derzhavin to Pushkin» in the eastern wing of the house acquaints visitors with the history of Russian literature of the eighteenth century and different literary movements of that time.  On display are paintings, engravings, iconography, medals, applied art, and portraits of the most significant figures in literature, history and culture of the late eighteenth – early nineteenth century, copies of manuscripts of that time on archival paper, books, magazines, and other relics. 

Other permanent exhibitions working in the Museum are: «In the White Gloss of Porcelain» (porcelain of the late eighteenth - twentieth centuries), «Pushkin in the Memory of Generations» (works of the artists of the twentieth century), and «The National Pushkin Museum. Pages of History». They represent more than 100 years history of the National Pushkin Museum and its richest collections, demonstrating items not included into the main memorial expositions. The Derzhavin Estate Museum also has several halls for temporary exhibitions, literary and musical evenings, scholarly meetings and concert programs. In July the Museum holds the annual holiday of Russian poetry of the eighteenth century.

1 km, 378 m
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Mariinsky Theatre

Mariinsky Theatre

St. Petersburg, Тeatralnaya ploschad', 1

One of the biggest and most famous opera and ballet theatres in Russia and all over the world

Mariinsky theatre of opera and ballet was opened in 1860, it became the preeminent music theatre of late 19th century Russia, where many of the stage masterpieces of Tchaikovsky, Mussorgsky, and Rimsky-Korsakov received their premieres. When, in 1859, the Circus Theatre was destroyed by fire, a new theatre was built on the same site, once again by Alberto Cavos. It was named the Mariinsky in honour of Empress Maria Alexandrovna, wife of Alexander II. The first theatre season in the new building opened on 2 October 1860 with A  Life for the Tsar by Glinka under the baton of the Russian Opera Company’s conductor Konstantin Lyadov, father of the renowned composer Anatoly Lyadov. The name of Empress Maria Alexandrovna was immortalized not only in the name of the theatre but also in its emblem - the stage curtain by A. Golovin. This main theater attribute was desined as the train of the Empress's dress.

1 km, 450 m
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Yusupov palace

Yusupov palace

Saint-Petersburg, ul. Dekabristov, 21, lit. A

​Princely family residence, Museum of the Nobility Lifestyle, historical and cultural Palace Ensemble of federal significance and European fame

Today, this grandeur building (one of the most prominent architectural gems of the Russian "Northern capital") hosts government and diplomatic meetings, international conferences and symposia. The names of many Russian public officials, leaders of St. Petersburg and heads of foreign states are recorded in the Yusupov Palace Guest Book.

On multiple occasions, the president of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin has visited the palace. Here, the city’s governors received Russian and foreign delegations of the highest rank and held talks on issues related to the development of St. Petersburg and strengthening of its international ties.

Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain with her husband, Duke of Edinburgh and Crown Prince Charles, Queen Sophia of Norway, King of Greece Constantine II with his wife Queen Anne-Marie, Queen Silvia of Sweden, King Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin of Malaysia and Queen Sirikit of Thailand, all visited Yusupov Palace. Various illustrious representatives of domestic and foreign science, culture, art, banking, education, and journalism, including as participants of significant international conferences, visited Yusupov Palace.

Among them were the President of the Club of Rome Prince El Hassan bin Talal of Jordan, Director of the Institute of General History of the Russian Academy of Sciences Academician A.O. Chubaryan, Nobel Prize winner Academician J.I. Alferov, Honorary Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences Academician S.P. Kapitsa, President of Intesa Sanpaolo Bank (Italy) Professor Giovanni Badzoli, President of the General Conference of UNESCO Musa Bin Jaafar Bin Hassan, writer C.T. Aitmatov, artistic director of the Taganka Theater Yu.P. Lyubimov, film director A.S. Konchalovsky, poet B.A. Akhmadulina, artist B.A. Messerer, chief editor of the Moscow News newspaper V.T. Tretyakov.

Over the years, the palace has had such world-famous celebrity guests as a movie star Lisa Minelli, a super-model Naomi Campbell, singers Sting and Cliff Richards, The Rolling Stones rock band and its lead vocalist Mick Jagger.

The reputation as one of the most interesting, alluring and popular tourist attractions of St. Petersburg draws in tens of thousands of visitors from different parts of Russia and the world to Yusupov Palace every year.

692 m
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Literaturnoe Cafe

Literaturnoe Cafe

St. Petersburg, Nevsky pr., 18

European, Russian

1 km, 496 m
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National Pushkin Museum

National Pushkin Museum

St. Petersburg, Moika river Embankment, 12

Memorial apartment is the last lodging of Russian poet Alexander Pushkin

The Pushkin Apartment Museum, located in one of the oldest stone mansions in St. Petersburg at River Moika, 12, which in XIX century belonged to several generations of the Dukes Volkonky. It is the Memorial Museum of the poet, telling about the last period of his life and creativity. That was Alexander Pushkin’s last apartment. There he died on January 29 (old style), 1837 after he had been mortally wounded at the duel.

The central part of exposition represents Pushkin's study. The Captain's Daughter novel and many other things were written here. A clock in Gothic style is placed on the wall. According to contemporaries, it stopped on February, 10 at 2 P.M., when Pushkin’s heart ceased beating.

634 m
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 Winter Palace of Peter the Great, The State Hermitage Museum

Winter Palace of Peter the Great, The State Hermitage Museum

Saint Petersburg, Dvortsovaya naberezhnaya, 32

The Winter Palace of Peter the Great is a unique architectural monument of the first quarter of the 18th century

The Winter Palace of Peter the Great is a unique architectural monument of the first quarter of the 18th century. The official residence of Peter I was located on the territory now occupied by the Hermitage Theatre. In the part of the palace which has been preserved, there is a memorial exhibition dedicated to Peter the Great and his time. In his rooms - the study, the dining room and the turnery - decoration has been recreated using genuine items that belonged to the Emperor. So-called 'Wax effigy,' a posthumous sculptural portrait of Peter I, has been also put on display.

Ticket cost — 300 roubles (Winter Palace of Peter the Great only)

The Main Museum Complex, Winter Palace of Peter the Great and other branches — 600 roubles

579 m
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Peter and Paul Fortress

Peter and Paul Fortress

St. Petersburg, Zayachy ostrov

A unique historical, architectural and fortification art monument of XVIII-XIX centuries

Founded by Peter the Great in 1703, St. Peter and Paul Fortress is considered to be a unique fortification monument of XVIII-XIX centuries. Its architectural ensemble is focused around St. Peter and Paul Cathedral where the tombs of all the Russian emperors can be found.

The Peter and Paul Fortress is put on May 27, 1703. According to the legend, Peter I himself chose a place for new fortress – the small Hare island (in Finnish – Enisaari), located in the Neva River mouth. The citadel in the form of a six-pointed star was constructed according to the project made by the French engineer Zh.G. Lamber with the participation of the tsar. Six curtains connect six powerful bastions, the associates of Peter I called by names.

The defensive system from the West and the East is closed by Ioannovsky and Alekseevsky ravelins. Two bridges — Ioannovsky and Kronverksky - connect the Hare island with Petrograd. On October 1, 1703 fortress consecrated. On the Monarchic bastion the Andreevsky colors were hoisted, on ramparts three hundred tools are installed. On June 29, 1703 in the center of the Peter and Paul Fortress put small wooden church for the sake of apostles Pyotr and Pavel on which place in 1712-1732 built a stone cathedral. From 1731 to 1858 Peter and Paul Cathedral had the status of the cathedral temple of the capital, then was ranked as court department. The cathedral served as a tomb of reigning House of Romanovs. Here the Russian emperors and empresses from Peter I to Nikolay II, except for Pyotr II and Ioann of VI are buried. To a cathedral the covered gallery connected the Grand-ducal tomb.

Within the XVIII-XIX centuries in the territory of fortress buildings and constructions of different function were built: Botny house, Artillery, Mint, Commandant's and Engineering house, an also guardroom and others. In the XVIII century fortress became a jail of the state criminals, in XIX — the main political prison of Russia. At the emperor Alexander I at the beginning of the XIX century fortress was for the first time open for visitors. In the 1900th years in Peter and Paul Cathedral tours on an imperial necropolis were conducted. In 1924 Trubetskoy's prison of a bastion turned into the museum. In 1954 the complex of buildings of the Peter and Paul Fortress was passed the State museum of history of Leningrad (St. Petersburg).

The territory of the fortress and the beach are open for public. The main cites include the history of everyday life in St.Petersburg in the XVIII-XIX centuries in the House of the Commandant of the garrison. One may visit the prison of Trubetskoy bastion that once used to be the political prison. Among those prisoners who are well-known in the world were L.Trotsky and F.Dostoyevsky. The Boat house shows the first ship that started the history of Russin fleet.

258 m
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The Field of Mars

The Field of Mars

St. Petersburg, Marsovo pole

That is the place where the first eternal flame in Russia was ignited

At the beginning of the 18th century, on the site of the Field of Mars, there was an overgrown swamp grove. Subsequently, it was turned into a venue for military reviews and was called "Bolshoi Lug" (eng. Big Meadow). There were celebrations and festivities in honor of the victories in the Northern War. Carnivals, performances and fireworks were held at this place, in honor of which the Big Meadow was renamed "Poteshnoye Pole" (eng. Amusement Field). But this name wasn't fixed for a long time either: the palace of the wife of Peter the Great, Catherine I, was erected near the field, and the territories adjacent to it became known as "Tsaritsyn  Lug " (eng. Tsarina’s Meadow). Only in 1805 the field was named in honor of the ancient god of war - Mars.

In 1917, the victims of the February Revolution were solemnly buried in the center of the Field of Mars, and later the victims of the Civil War were buried there. In the years 1917-19 according to the project of architect L. V. Rudnev, a memorial was built for the victims of the revolution with the epitaphs of A. V. Lunacharsky. In the 1920's a square was laid out around the memorial. In 1957, the memorial was reconstructed under the direction of architect S. G. Mayofis, as a result of which the Field of Mars became the first place in the country where the Eternal Flame was lit.

In the years 1918-1920 Finnish communists were buried on  the Field of Mars.

1 km, 598 m
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Panteleymonovsky Bridge

Panteleymonovsky Bridge

St. Petersburg, Panteleymonovsky Bridge

Panteleymonovsky Bridge crosses the Fontanka River between the Engineer's Castle and the Summer Garden

It is named after the nearby Church of St. Panteleimon. A wooden aqueduct carrying water to the Summer Garden fountains was built here in the 1720s, and was replaced in 1824 with an elegant chain bridge, removed for safety reasons and replaced with the current single-span arched steel bridge, completed in 1914 and remarkable for its ornate, gilt-laden lamps, railings and cladding. It is 43 meters long and 23.7 meters wide.

1 km, 597 m
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Mikhailovsky Palace

Mikhailovsky Palace

St. Petersburg, ul. Inzhenernaya, 4

The main collections of the State Russian Museum are located within the walls of the Mikhailovsky Palace. It was built for one of the sons of Emperor Paul I, Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich, designed by architect K. Rossi

The palace was immediately recognized as an architectural masterpiece not only in Russia but throughout Europe. Here, ceremonial receptions were held, which were attended by Zhukovsky and Vyazemsky, Pushkin and V. Odoevsky. The music salon, which was situated here, was very famous.The best singers, musicians, composers from Europe were invited here. Celebrities such as Liszt, Berlioz, Schumann, Wagner and many others were among them.

At the end of the 19th century, the palace which was partially rebuilt in three years as a museum, accepted the collections of the Winter, Gatchinsky and Alexandrovky palaces, the Hermitage and the Academy of Arts as well as collections of private collectors donated to the museum. Currently, the collection of the Russian Museum has more than 400,000 exhibits and covers all historical periods and trends of the millennial development of Russian art (more than 1000 years: XI - XXI century), all its main types and genres, directions and schools. Here you can find the works of V. Borovikovsky, O. Kiprensky, I. Vishnyakov, I. Aivazovsky, K. Bryullov, I. Repin, I. Shishkin, V. Surikov, L. Bakst, K. Korovin, I. Mashkov, P. Konchalovsky , V. Kandinsky, K. Malevich, P. Filonov and other painters.

In addition, in the museum you can see works of decorative, applied and folk art, including handicrafts, embroidery, fabrics, fragments of Russian huts, women's costumes of different classes and provinces.

At the tour desk of the Russian State Museum you can order excursions:

  • up to 5 people - 3000 rubles;
  • up to 10 people - 4500 rubles;
  • up to 25 people - 7500 rubles;
  • for schoolchildren (up to 30 people) - 3000 rubles;
  • for students and senior citizens (up to 25 people) - 3500 rubles;
  • for preschoolers (up to 25 people) - 1500 rubles.

 Applications are accepted by phone: +7 (812) 314-34-48 (if there is a free guide, you can place an order on the day of contact).

415 m
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THE BOLSHOI SAINT-PETERSBURG STATE CIRCUS

THE BOLSHOI SAINT-PETERSBURG STATE CIRCUS

The big St. Petersburg State circus - the first stone stationary circus of Russia - opened on December 26, 1877. One of the most beautiful circuses of Europe the actors seeing on the European tour way of many circuses called this building. Gaetano Ciniselli (1815-1881) Initiator of his construction was the Italian citizen, the head of a big circus family, the circus performer (the equestrian and the trainer of horses), made to himself a big name in Europe, - Gaetano Ciniselli. The building of circus is the unique technical construction executed on the basis of a front line the then to engineering thought. For the first time in the world at construction of a dome record for those times flight (49,7м) supporting internal columns that created unusual spatial effect weren't applied. Essentially new mesh and ridge design of a dome as the huge overturned bowl covers a hall. This new technical solution became wide to be applied subsequently in construction of similar constructions. Registration of the auditorium was executed with luxury. In its furniture the crimson velvet, gold, mirrors were combined. Boxes and places in orchestra seats were designed for 1500 people, and the general filling of a hall, at the expense of a capacious gallery, reached 5000 viewers. The building of circus of Chinizelli, was among soon the main sights of the city and reached position of the paramount spectacular enterprise of the capital.

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FABERGÉ MUSEUM

FABERGÉ MUSEUM

21, Fontanka River Embankment, St. Petersburg

The world’s largest collection of Carl  Fabergé masterpieces in the Shuvalov Palace of St. Petersburg

The museum holds the world’s largest collection of Carl Fabergé masterpieces and an exceptional of Russian decorative arts, which today contain more than 4000 works and are considered to be one of the best collections in the word.

The most famous items in Fabergé Museum are the nine Easter Eggs created for Alexander III and Nicholas II, the last of the Russian Emperors. These exquisite pieces are not only examples of the highest artistic skill in jewellery, but they are also historic testimonials that give insight into the lives of Russia’s Imperial Family.

The collection includes all the directions in which the House of  Fabergé worked: Objets de Fantaisie, jewellery, silverware, interior and religion objects.

Henrik Wickström (1862-1923) Finnish workmaster at Faberge.

688 m
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Sheremetev Palace

Sheremetev Palace

St.Petersburg, Reka Fontanka emb., 34

The Sheremetev Palace was once the centre of one of the largest aristocratic estates in St. Petersburg

The Sheremetev Palace boasted not only extensive lands, but also its own hospital and theatre, where the Sheremetev's famous serf theatrical troupe and orchestra performed. The palace is also known as 'the Fountain House' for the opulent arrangement of fountains that once decorated its gardens.

The palace building dates to the 1740s, and was designed by Savva Chevakinsky and Fyodor Argunov, the latter from one of the Sheremetev's serf families. The elegant baroque facades, painted like much of central St. Petersburg in yellow and white, are set back from the Fontanka Embankment behind a magnificent wrought iron fence added by Geronimo Corsini in 1838. The Sheremetev Palace was home to several generations of the illustrious family, and each extended and adapted the buildings with the help of the leading architects of the day.

The Fountain House became one of the main cultural centres of St. Petersburg. The theatrical passion of Counts Petr Borisovich and Nikolai Petrovich Sheremetev created one of the finest theatres in 18th century Russia, and the latter went on to marry one of the stars of his opera, the leading soprano Praskovia Zhemchugova which became one of the most celebrated (and controversial) romances of the day. The palace was also the site of concerts and literary soirees with the participation of Vasily Zhukovsky and Alexander Turgenev among others.

This history is reflected in the current use of the palace as part of the State Museum of Theatre and Musical Art, which has restored the facades of the building and uses it to house a collection of historical musical instruments. The southern wing of the palace also houses the Anna Akhmatova Memorial Museum, in the apartment where the great 20th century poet lived from the mid-1920s until 1952. The expression 'Fountain House' was first used in one of her poems.

134 m
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Anichkov Bridge

Anichkov Bridge

Saint Petersburg, Anichkov most

The Anichkov Bridge is the first and most famous bridge across the Fontanka River in Saint Petersburg

The current bridge, built in 1841-42 and reconstructed in 1906-08, combines a simple form with some spectacular decorations. As well as its four famous horse sculptures (1849–50), the bridge has some of the most celebrated ornate iron railings in Saint Petersburg. The structure is mentioned in the works of Pushkin, Gogol, and Dostoevsky.

During the siege of Leningrad bridge was damaged by artillery attack. Were damaged granite parapets and railing sections. Crossing became blockade monument: on granite pedestal horses  intentionally decided not to restore the trail from German artillery shell fragments.

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Lomonosov Bridge

Lomonosov Bridge

St. Petersburg, Most Lomonosova

This beautiful stone bridge crosses the Fontanka River about 300m south of Nevsky Prospekt

Named after the great Russian polymath Mikhail Lomonosov, whose advances in chemistry, mathematics, linguistics and literature made him a kind of one-man Russian Enlightenment during the reigns of Empresses Elizabeth and Catherine the Great. 

Originally called Chernyshev Bridge in honour of Count Grigory Chernyshev, one of Peter the Great's most prominent generals, whose estates were located nearby, the bridge was erected in 1785-87 and replaced a wooden bridge which had previously stood at the site. It was one of seven stone moveable bridges of similar design crossing the Fontanka River, built simultaneously with the river's granite embankments. Only Lomonosov Bridge and Staro-Kalinkin Bridge have survived more or less intact.

Measuring 57.1 meters, the bridge consists of two broad, arched side-spans, and a shorter central span that was originally of wood, but replaced with steel in 1913. Although Lomonosov Bridge no longer rises to allow passing traffic, it has retained its four charming Doric pavilions, which once housed the drawbridge mechanism. It is these that give the bridge its distinctive outline and particular charm.

In 1915, granite obelisks with elegant cast-iron streetlamps were added to the bridge, and in 1948, the bridge was given its current name.

681 m
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Tovstonogov Bolshoy Drama Theatre

Tovstonogov Bolshoy Drama Theatre

St. Petersburg, Fontanka river embankment, 65

One of the first theatres established after the October Socialist Revolution

Theater was founded in 1919. During the first years A. Blok, M. Gorky, A. Benois and M. Dobuzhinsky, K. Petrov-Vodkin, Yu. Annenkov, V. Shchuko worked there. In early 1956 the theater was  headed by Georgy Tovstonogov.  His performances were outstanding events in theatrical life not only for Leningrad, but for all country. It was named after its director Tovstonogov in 1992.

Since 2005 the Small stage of the theatre has been located in the Kamenoostrovsky Theater - a unique monument of wooden archetictonic of the period of classicism. The wooden building of the theater was built for guest perfomances of the imperial theaters. The theater was built as a temporary structure for one season. However, having gone through numerous renovations, the building still functions.

419 m
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Berth  "Naberezhnaya reki Fontanki, 71"

Berth "Naberezhnaya reki Fontanki, 71"

Naberezhnaya reki Fontanki, 71

A berth of "Teplohod Spb" company, located on Moika River Embankment, 71

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Useful information

This route is provided by Teplohod Spb company. Official website: https://teplohodspb.com/

 Saint-Petersburg, Fontanka Embankment, 71; 
+7 (921) 914 – 05 -56, +7(911) 140 – 19-9