V.V. Dokuchaev Central Museum of Soil


Museum of soil is one of the largest soil and ecology museums in the world

The Museum was opened in 1904 as a part of Soil Institute. The collection of the museum was formed from  the examples of  soils, found by  V.V.Dokuchaev during his numerous expeditions. Vasily  Dokuchaev was a prominent Russian geographer who is credited with laying the foundations of soil science. He introduced the idea that geographical variations in soil type could be explained in relation not only to geological factors, but also to climatic and topographic factors, and the time available for pedogenesis (soil formation) to operate. Using these ideas as a basis, he created the first soil classification. His ideas were quickly taken up by a number of soil scientists. He worked on soil science, and developed a classification scheme describing five factors for soil formation. The works of Dokuchaev has formed the basics of Russian soil science and gave life to the museum.

Collection of Dokuchaev was the first sols collection in the world. The most important exhibit is soil monoliths – the examples of soil from all over the world. The massive soil blocks of different levels and color form the uniqueness of museum’s collection. There are about 330 soil monoliths, representing the global variety of soils.

The main idea of museum’s exhibition is to show  soil diversity in processes, to reflect the process of soil formation and interrelations of soils with other elements of ecosystems.

  • Address: St. Petersburg, Birzhevoy pr.,6
  • Phone Number: +7 (812) 328-54-02
  • Site: http://музей-почвоведения.рф/
  • Email: soilmuseum@bk.ru
  • Working time:
    Monday - Friday: 11:00 - 17:00
    Saturday - Sunday: Free
    Preordered visits only Tuesday – free entrance, without excursions Museum tour for 10 person costs 1000 rub.
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