A unique historical, architectural, and fortification art monument of XVIII-XIX centuries
Founded by Peter the Great in 1703, St. Peter and Paul Fortress is considered to be a unique fortification monument of XVIII-XIX centuries. Its architectural ensemble is focused around St. Peter and Paul Cathedral where the tombs of all the Russian emperors can be found.
The Peter and Paul Fortress was founded on May 27, 1703. According to the legend, Peter I himself chose a place for new fortress – the small Hare island (in Finnish – Enisaari), located in the Neva River mouth. The citadel in the form of a six-pointed star was constructed according to the project made by the French engineer Zh.G. Lamber with the participation of the tsar. Six curtains connect six powerful bastions, called by names of Peter I’s associates.
Within the XVIII-XIX centuries the buildings and constructions of different function were built on the territory of fortress: Botny house, Artillery, Mint, Commandant's and Engineering house, a guardroom, and others. In 1954 the complex of buildings of the Peter and Paul Fortress was passed to the State Museum of History of Leningrad (St. Petersburg). The territory of the fortress and the beach are now open for public.