The exhibition «Udmurtia: ancestral traditions and moments of history»

20 January, Monday, 10:00
opened:
November 29, 2019 - February 4, 2020
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The exhibition is devoted to the culture, history and traditional beliefs Udmurt – one of Russia's oldest ethnic groups.

The territory of the settlement is the Volga-Udmurt Priuralsky region located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the forest north and south of the steppe. Udmurts live in the neighborhood with the Turkic Tatars, Bashkirs, Chuvash, Mari Finnish-speaking, Mordovians Slav and Russian. Thus, the life of the people and culture Udmurtian formed in continuous interaction cultures.

Udmurt centuries preserved their traditional beliefs, which is based on family and tribal and agrarian cults, as well as commercial cults, sorcery, witchcraft, shamanism, and others. Despite the fact that already in the XVIII century. here began the Christianization up until the mid XX century was characterized by a situation where in the official sphere reigning orthodoxy, and in family community - traditional beliefs. For example, Nicholas merged with the guardian spirit Nyulesmurtom timber, Illa prophet with Gudyri-Muma (mother thunder) in Udmurt sanctuary Kuale were Christian icons; instead demdora - generic sign - wearing crucifix, etc...

The exhibition for the first time exhibited photographs, household items and religious practices, costumes, items of cloth, forwarding sketches of the Udmurt GMIR collection, unique in its composition and value. All of them were collected in the 1920s - 40s. distinguished scientists - Finno-Ugric MG Khudyakov, VN Belitser, AI Pints. A special place in the exhibition occupy archival documents - reports of the Soviet ethnographer AI Pints, several visits Udmurtia in scientific expeditions to Central antireligious museum (CAM) in 1941 and twice in 1943. and contains unique folklore and ethnographic material. In 1947, CAM has been closed, and much of his collection in the Museum of the History of Religion.

For the first time at an exhibition in its entirety presents sketches of the artist FM Krieger by them during the joint with AI Pint expedition in May - June 1941. These works reflected the significant changes that have taken place in the social structure, way of life, religious practice Udmurt with the advent of Soviet power. Their heroes were former priests, farmers and miners advanced, destroying sacred groves and home shrines, women working in the slate mines, etc. Etudes FM Krieger also interesting in that they can be regarded as a kind, but a full-fledged field diary: on the back of each picture indicate the date and place of its creation, who or what is pictured, a small comment for a picture story, information about the image of a man, etc.

A separate group of works the artist made sketches dedicated to Multan business-process, in which a group of 10 farmers of the village Old Multan Malmyzhskogo county Vyatka province, was accused of the ritual sacrifice of a peasant Conon Matyunina. The case caused a public outcry, followed by several trials. Defender played VG Korolenko, as experts involved scientists-ethnographers. In 1896, the defendants were acquitted. FM Krieger managed to create portraits of eyewitnesses and participants in the case.

Complement the exhibition a series of photographs Ranusa Sadikov (Russia, Bashkortostan) and ethnographic documentary film created by director Niglasom Liiv (Estonia) in collaboration with ethnologists Eve Toulouse (France) and Ranusom Sadikov dedicated to traditional Udmurt supplication. In the course of cinematic silhouetted images of pagan priests, in the XXI century to keep their faith and natural connection with the natural world.

It is significant that the exhibition dedicated to the Udmurt traditional beliefs, opened in GMIR in 2019, which was announced by the UN International Year of Indigenous Languages, and on the eve of 2020 - the year of the century Udmurt State. Turning to the culture of the Udmurt people, we remember the names of collectors and gatherers who brought us the original and bright world, which adds one more paint to the diverse and complex picture of the religious life of Russia.

The exhibition runs until February 4, 2020.

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