On May 16, 1768 Catherine II commissioned erecting a monument in honour of Peter the Great
The so-called Bronze Horseman became the first monument in Saint Petersburg. The place for erecting the sculpture was chosen specifically: beside the Admiralty, that was founded by Peter, and the Senate — the main legislative organisation in the Russian Empire. Catherine the Great wanted the monument to be the centerpiece of the Senate Square, but the author of the sculpture, Etienne Maurice Falconet, insisted on moving the Horseman closer to the Neva embankment.
- Address: Saint Petersburg, Senatskaya ploshchad